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CRISPR-Edited Immune Effectors: The End of the Beginning.

08:00 EDT 22nd March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "CRISPR-Edited Immune Effectors: The End of the Beginning."

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Molecular therapy : the journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
ISSN: 1525-0024
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Protein components of the CRISPR-CAS SYSTEMS for anti-viral defense in ARCHAEA and BACTERIA. These are proteins that carry out a variety of functions during the creation and expansion of the CRISPR ARRAYS, the capture of new CRISPR SPACERS, biogenesis of SMALL INTERFERING RNA (CRISPR or crRNAs), and the targeting and silencing of invading viruses and plasmids. They include DNA HELICASES; RNA-BINDING PROTEINS; ENDONUCLEASES; and RNA and DNA POLYMERASES.

Adaptive antiviral defense mechanisms, in archaea and bacteria, based on DNA repeat arrays called CLUSTERED REGULARLY INTERSPACED SHORT PALINDROMIC REPEATS (CRISPR elements) that function in conjunction with CRISPR-ASSOCIATED PROTEINS (Cas proteins). Several types have been distinguished, including Type I, Type II, and Type III, based on signature motifs of CRISPR-ASSOCIATED PROTEINS.

Small kinetoplastid mitochondrial RNA that plays a major role in RNA EDITING. These molecules form perfect hybrids with edited mRNA sequences and possess nucleotide sequences at their 5'-ends that are complementary to the sequences of the mRNA's immediately downstream of the pre-edited regions.

Artificial nucleases that cleave DNA at a defined distance from specific DNA sequences recognized by TRANSCRIPTION ACTIVATOR-LIKE EFFECTORS. They are composed of an endodeoxyribonuclease fused to DNA-binding domains of the transcription activator-like effectors.

Regeneration of normal immune function after immune depleting procedures or infections (e.g., HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION). Delayed and incomplete reconstitution of the ADAPTIVE IMMUNE system in particular involving T-CELLS is associated with increase or relapse of infection.

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