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This article was published in the following journal.
Name: American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Ketamine use as a sedative agent in mechanically ventilated patients is increasing. This systematic review and meta-analysis collates existing literature and quantifies the impact of ketamine in mecha...
The nurse-patient communication is a dyadic process involving the transmission and recognition of information and feelings. However, communication difficulty is a common phenomenon among mechanically ...
Awareness with paralysis is a complication with potentially devastating psychological consequences for mechanically ventilated patients. While rigorous investigation into awareness has occurred for op...
Carbon dioxide levels are mildly elevated on the International Space Station and it is unknown if this chronic exposure causes physiological changes to astronauts. We combined ∼4 mmHg ambient PCO w...
Cancer is in the process of changing to become a chronic disease; therefore, an increasing number of oncologic patients (OPs) are being admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) for supportive care of d...
Sedation is widely used in mechanically ventilated patients. Propofol, benzodiazepines and opioids are the most used drugs. The study hypothesis is that sedation with remifentanil (an opio...
The aim of this study is to compare two strategies of early enteral nutrition in terms of efficacy and complications in mechanically ventilated patients.
Sleep disturbances frequently occur in intensive care unit (ICU) patients undergoing mechanical ventilation. In a previous study, sedative dose dexmedetomidine (median 0.6 microgram/kg/h) ...
Dexmedetomidine, a central and peripheral α2-receptor agonist distinct from GABA receptor for benzodiazepines and propofol, has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration only f...
Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP) is a common complication experienced by mechanically ventilated patients and within the framework of Respiratory Intensive Care Units. The AnapnoGuard...
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients cannot be easily aroused but respond purposely following repeated painful stimulation. The ability to independently maintain ventilatory function may be impaired. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)
Devices which mechanically oxygenate venous blood extracorporeally. They are used in combination with one or more pumps for maintaining circulation during open heart surgery and for assisting the circulation in patients seriously ill with some cardiac and pulmonary disorders. (UMDNS, 1999)
Ratio of output to effort, or the ratio of effort produced to energy expended.