Effect of Special Operations Training on Testosterone, Lean Body Mass, and Strength and the Potential for Therapeutic Testosterone Replacement: A Review of the Literature.

07:00 EST 1st January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effect of Special Operations Training on Testosterone, Lean Body Mass, and Strength and the Potential for Therapeutic Testosterone Replacement: A Review of the Literature."

Due to physical demands, Special Operations Forces (SOF) endure changes in body composition, work capacity, and endocrine function. These changes result in energy deficits and sleep deprivation, where sleep averaged 3 hours/ day, independently known to decrease testosterone levels. The use of exogenous testosterone shows increases in lean body mass (LBM) and muscle function in healthy males and reverses cachexia in diseased populations. Therefore, the review's primary purpose is to summarize and contrast literature in both SOF and nonmilitary personnel regarding the correlation between negative energy balance, sleep deprivation, and decreased testosterone. The secondary purpose summarizes the effects of exogenous testosterone therapy in healthy males as well as reversing the effects of muscle wasting diseases.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of special operations medicine : a peer reviewed journal for SOF medical professionals
ISSN: 1553-9768
Pages: 94-100


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [24146 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Trajectory of Lean Body Mass Assessed Using the Modified Creatinine Index and Mortality in Hemodialysis Patients.

Although a declining body mass index (BMI) is associated with higher mortality in patients on hemodialysis, BMI cannot distinguish lean body mass from fat mass. It remains unclear whether changes over...

Does Lean Body Mass Equal Health Despite Body Mass Index?

To determine the association between having simultaneously high body mass index (BMI) and high relative lean body mass (LBM) and cardio-metabolic risk factors, metabolic syndrome (MetS), and diabetes ...

The NATO Special Operations Surgical Team Development Course A Program Overview.

The Special Operations Surgical Team Development Course (SOSTDC) is a 5-day course held two or three times a year at the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) training facility within the Special ...

Protein Intake Greater than the RDA Differentially Influences Whole-Body Lean Mass Responses to Purposeful Catabolic and Anabolic Stressors: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Under stressful conditions such as energy restriction (ER) and physical activity, the RDA for protein of 0.8 g · kg-1 · d-1 may no longer be an appropriate recommendation. Under catabolic or anabol...

Fiber type-specific hypertrophy and increased capillarization in skeletal muscle following testosterone administration of young women.

It is well established that testosterone administration induces muscle fiber hypertrophy and myonuclear addition in men, however, it remains to be determined whether similar morphological adaptations ...

Clinical Trials [14205 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effect of Two Exercise Programs on Obese Patients

The purpose of the study is to compare the effectiveness of two exercise programs (High Intensity Interval Training/HIIT and Low Intensity (LIT) Long Duration training) on decreasing fat m...

Novel Equations for Estimating Lean Body Mass

Simplified methods to estimate lean body mass (LBM), an important nutritional measure representing muscle mass and somatic protein, are lacking in non-dialyzed patients with chronic kidney...

Strength Training as a Supplemental Therapy of Androgen Deficiency of the Aging Male

This study examines the effect of 12-week strength training program with and without testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) on body composition, physical function, selected biochemical mar...

Randomized Study of Testosterone and Progressive Resistance Exercise in Men With Burn Injury

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine whether testosterone normalization ameliorates muscle protein hypercatabolism by increasing net protein synthesis in men with burn injury. II. Determine whether t...

Metabolic Effects of Steroids in Obese Men

Subjects will be randomized into 4 study groups: 1. Placebo; 2. Anastrazole and Testosterone; 3. Dutasteride and Testosterone; and 4. Testosterone only. A 2 step euglycemic clamp, body com...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition of involuntary weight loss of greater then 10% of baseline body weight. It is characterized by atrophy of muscles and depletion of lean body mass. Wasting is a sign of MALNUTRITION as a result of inadequate dietary intake, malabsorption, or hypermetabolism.

Steroidal compounds related to TESTOSTERONE, the major mammalian male sex hormone. Testosterone congeners include important testosterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with androgenic activities.

A potent androgenic metabolite of TESTOSTERONE. Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is generated by a 5-alpha reduction of testosterone. Unlike testosterone, DHT cannot be aromatized to ESTRADIOL therefore DHT is considered a pure androgenic steroid.

The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.

The practice of dentistry as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.

Quick Search
DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Disorders Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several g...

Endocrine Disorders
Endocrine disorders are grouped into two categories: hormone imbalance - when a gland produces too much or too little of an endocrine hormone development of lesions (such as nodules or tumors) in the endocrine system, which may or may not affect...

Sleep Disorders
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...

Searches Linking to this Article