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Case Report Stimulant-Induced Atrial Flutter in a Remote Setting.

07:00 EST 1st January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Case Report Stimulant-Induced Atrial Flutter in a Remote Setting."

Atrial flutter and atrial fibrillation are among the most commonly encountered cardiac arrhythmias; however, there is a dearth of clinical trials or case studies regarding its occurrence in the setting of stimulants such as caffeine and nicotine in otherwise healthy young patients. Described here is a case of a 29-year-old physically fit white man without significant past medical history who presented in stable condition complaining only of palpitations. He was found to have atrial flutter without rapid ventricular response on cardiac monitoring, most likely due to concomitant presence of high levels of nicotine and caffeine via chewing tobacco and energy drinks. He was treated conservatively with vagal maneuvers and intravenous fluids with complete resolution of symptoms and electrocardiographic abnormalities within 14 hours. This demonstrates an alternate conservative treatment strategy in appropriately risk stratified patients who present in an austere field setting with limited resources.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of special operations medicine : a peer reviewed journal for SOF medical professionals
ISSN: 1553-9768
Pages: 37-39

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).

Impaired or delayed impulse conduction between the right and left HEART ATRIA. Advanced interatrial blocks are often associated with arrhythmias (e.g., ATRIAL FLUTTER; and ATRIAL FIBRILLATION), direct conduction block via the Bachmann's bundle and concomitant left atrial enlargement. Syndrome of advanced interatrial block associated with SUPRAVENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA is referred to as Bayes syndrome.

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