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A 23-amino acid peptide named obestatin is derived from the ghrelin gene. The aim of the experiment was to study the effects of enteral obestatin administration for a 6-day period on intestinal contractility in piglets fed milk formula. Pigs were treated with 0.9% NaCl (group C) or varying doses of obestatin: 2 μg/kg body weight (BW) (group O2), 10 μg/kg BW (O10) or 15 μg/kg BW (O15) every 8 hours via a stomach tube. Blood was sampled for assessment of obestatin concentration. Duodenal and middle jejunum whole-thickness preparations were studied in an organ bath for isometric recording under electric field stimulation (EFS) and increasing doses of acetylcholine (ACh), and in the presence of atropine and tetrodotoxin (TTX). Additionally, the measurement of intestinal muscularis layer and the immunodetection of Muscarinic Acetylcholine Receptors (M1 and M2) were performed. In comparison to C animals, the obestatin concentration in blood plasma was significantly increased in groups O10 and O15. In both studied intestinal segments, significant increases in the frequency and amplitude of spontaneous contractions were observed in O15 and C groups. In the duodenum and middle jejunum significant differences in responsiveness to EFS (0.5, 5 and 50 Hz) were observed between the groups. The addition of 10-4 M ACh to the duodenum significantly increased the responsiveness in tissues. In contrast, in the middle jejunum a significant increase in the amplitude of contraction was observed after the addition of 10-9 and 10-6 M ACh (groups O15 and O10, respectively). Pretreatment with atropine and TTX resulted in a significant decrease in the responsiveness of the intestinal preparations from all groups, in both studied segments. The increased contractility was not dependent on the expression of muscarinic receptors. Results indicate the importance of enteral obestatin administration in the regulation of intestinal contractility in neonatal piglets.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
Background Ghrelin and obestatin are two gastric hormones encoded by the same preproghrelin gene that convey information concerning nutritional status to the central nervous system. Ghrelin has been c...
Obestatin - a 23 amino acid peptide is synthesized as another product of the ghrl gene and its synthesis occurs mainly in gastric mucosa cells. This hormone is involved in complex gut-brain neurohormo...
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A 28-amino acid, acylated, orexigenic peptide that is a ligand for GROWTH HORMONE SECRETAGOGUE RECEPTORS. Ghrelin is widely expressed but primarily in the stomach in the adults. Ghrelin acts centrally to stimulate growth hormone secretion and food intake, and peripherally to regulate energy homeostasis. Its large precursor protein, known as appetite-regulating hormone or motilin-related peptide, contains ghrelin and obestatin.
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