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Much of the literature surrounding bilingual spoken word recognition is based on bilinguals of non-tonal languages. In the Mandarin spoken word recognition literature, lexical tones are often considered as equally important as segments in lexical processing. It is unclear whether and how lexical tones contribute to bilingual language processing. One recent study demonstrates that tonal bilinguals require the availability of both tonal and segmental information to induce cross-language lexical competition during bilingual lexical access, even without phonological overlap between the target and non-target language. The current study investigates whether overt phonological overlap between the target and non-target language would equally require both tonal and segmental information available to induce cross-language lexical competition. We employed two auditory lexical decision experiments with both Mandarin-English bilinguals and English monolinguals to test whether inter-lingual homophones (IH) would induce lexical competition from the non-target language, L1 Mandarin. Our results show that cross-language lexical competition was only observed with the presence of lexical tones, in addition to segmental overlap.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
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Tone language refers to a language that uses fixed pitch pattern to distinguish words (Yip, 2002). Understanding the functional anatomy of the brain during lexical tone processing will pro...
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The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).
The study of religion and religious belief, or a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings (from online Cambridge Dictionary of American English, 2000 and WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, 1997)
Genetic defects in the selective or non-selective transport functions of the KIDNEY TUBULES.
An ATP binding cassette transporter, sub-family G protein that functions as a heterodimer with ATP BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTER, SUB-FAMILY G, MEMBER 5 in the selective transport of DIETARY CHOLESTEROL and PHYTOSTEROLS into and export out of ENTEROCYTES. It also functions in selective sterol excretion by the liver into bile.
An ATP binding cassette transporter, sub-family G protein that functions as a heterodimer with ATP BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTER, SUB-FAMILY G, MEMBER 8 in the selective transport of DIETARY CHOLESTEROL and PHYTOSTEROLS into and export out of ENTEROCYTES. It also functions in selective sterol excretion by the liver into bile.
Hearing, auditory perception, or audition is the ability to perceive sound by detecting vibrations, changes in the pressure of the surrounding medium through time, through an organ such as the ear. Sound may be heard through solid, liquid, or gaseous mat...