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Individuals with a high total nevus count (TNC) are at a higher risk to develop melanoma and screening efforts have been largely focused on this group. However, some studies suggest that melanomas of ...
The immune profile of dengue-experienced individuals is a determinant of dengue reinfection severity risk. Individuals with a single prior dengue infection (monotypics) are at highest risk for severe ...
Although the MusculoSkeletal Infection Society has suggested a series of markers to diagnose periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), no single marker can accurately identify infection before revision hi...
HIV-infection increases the risk to progress to active-tuberculosis (TB). Detection of latent TB infection (LTBI) is needed to eventually propose preventive-therapy and reduce TB reservoir. QuantiFERO...
Persons with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at high risk of infection. While low-grade inflammation may impair immune response, it is unknown whether inflammatory markers are associated with infecti...
To investigate the relationship between neutrophil count, lymphocyte count, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte count ratio (NLR), and postoperative fever in patients undergoing percutaneous nephroli...
INA-PROACTIVE is a multicenter, prospective, observational cohort study of HIV positive antiretroviral-naïve and treatment-experienced individuals. No investigational treatment or interve...
This study will assess the virologic efficacy and risk of liver toxicity of raltegravir-based regimens in HIV/HCV co-infected individuals, particularly in those starting ARV at lower CD4 c...
In the general population, increased WBCC and neutrophil count are widely used as markers for infection during inflammatory states 1. However, 32% of geriatric patients with an infection d...
This study will evaluate how HIV infection, including CD4 cell count and viral load, affects the patient's ability to produce antibodies in response to vaccination with the influenza (flu)...
Physicians or other qualified individuals responsible for implementing and overseeing the policies and procedures followed by a health care facility to reduce the risk of infection to patients and staff.
A sub-PHENOTYPE of obese individuals who have a risk for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES between that of healthy individuals with normal weight and unhealthy individuals with obesity.
Pattern of behavior which predisposes certain individuals to increased risk for contracting disease or sustaining personal injury. These behaviors may cluster into a risky lifestyle.
The non-susceptibility to infection of a large group of individuals in a population. A variety of factors can be responsible for herd immunity and this gives rise to the different definitions used in the literature. Most commonly, herd immunity refers to the case when, if most of the population is immune, infection of a single individual will not cause an epidemic. Also, in such immunized populations, susceptible individuals are not likely to become infected. Herd immunity can also refer to the case when unprotected individuals fail to contract a disease because the infecting organism has been banished from the population.
A count of SPERM in the ejaculum, expressed as number per milliliter.
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...
An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...