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Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) describes a spectrum of abnormal breathing patterns during sleep characterised by snoring, increased upper airway resistance and pharyngeal collapsibility, with alteration of normal oxygenation and ventilation. Intermittent desaturations during sleep have multi-organ implications. Adults with OSAS have an increased risk of developing a dysfunctional endothelium that is characterised by greater adherence of inflammatory mediators to endothelial cells and hypercoagulability. There is increasing evidence to show that risk factors for comorbid cardiovascular disease (CVD) can develop during childhood and adolescence and are likely to continue over time. Risk factors for CVD include both modifiable factors and factors that cannot be changed.
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Name: Blood transfusion = Trasfusione del sangue
The most common respiratory disturbance in sleeping children is the Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. The passive smoking is mentioned one of factors predisposing to Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. ...
Anatomically based treatments for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) may not completely resolve OSA. This has led to interest in exploring ways of addressing physiological risk factors. This review examin...
The American Academy of Sleep Medicine recommends patients attending for bariatric surgery (BS) to be evaluated for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) as untreated OSA is associated with a greater risk of...
PRéCIS:: This study found an association between thinner superotemporal retinal nerve fiber layer and obstructive sleep apnoea. However, the lack of association of sleep apnoea with other disc measur...
This study aims to investigate a potential link between Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) and Open Angle Glaucoma (OAG); initially by determining whether the prevalence of OSA is higher in pa...
To answer the question whether a previously detected breath profile in patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) can be found in a cohort of patients with suspected OSA using ...
Acute consumption of dietary nitrate (as beetroot juice) has been shown to decrease systemic blood pressure in multiple populations as well as increase organ perfusion in areas of interest...
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of morphine (a drug commonly used for the treatment of moderate to severe pain, particularly following surgery) on the number of pauses ...
This feasibility study is a randomised control trial looking at how sleep apnoea affects the heart especially heart rhythms. Previous research shows that patients suffering from sleep apn...
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)
Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
Posterior displacement of the TONGUE toward the PHARYNX. It is often a feature in syndromes such as in PIERRE ROBIN SYNDROME and DOWN SYNDROME and associated with AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION during sleep (OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEAS).
HYPOVENTILATION syndrome in very obese persons with excessive ADIPOSE TISSUE around the ABDOMEN and DIAPHRAGM. It is characterized by diminished to absent ventilatory chemoresponsiveness; chronic HYPOXIA; HYPERCAPNIA; POLYCYTHEMIA; and long periods of sleep during day and night (HYPERSOMNOLENCE). It is a condition often related to OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA but can occur separately.
Periods of sleep manifested by changes in EEG activity and certain behavioral correlates; includes Stage 1: sleep onset, drowsy sleep; Stage 2: light sleep; Stages 3 and 4: delta sleep, light sleep, deep sleep, telencephalic sleep.
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...