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Metastasis of malignant melanoma to the thyroid gland causing airway obstruction is an extremely rare condition. In an 80-year-old woman who presented with painless swelling of the neck, a diagnosis of malignant melanoma metastasis to the thyroid gland with an unknown source was established. She received multiple radiotherapy sessions that resulted in occasional regression but not complete resolution. She was then referred for tracheal stenting owing to progressed dysphagia and dyspnea. Rigid bronchoscopy was performed, and a fully covered metal stent was placed to secure the open airway. Dyspnea improved immediately after stent insertion. The patient died at her residence because of a cerebrovascular event 2 weeks after the procedure. To the best of our knowledge, central airway obstruction due to malignant melanoma metastasis to the thyroid gland has been not reported in the literature. The approach for palliation of obstruction is similar to that of other malignant central airway obstructions.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Turkish thoracic journal
Papillary thyroid gland carcinoma is the most common type of malignancy of the endocrine system. Metastases to the pituitary gland have been described as a complication of papillary thyroid cancer in ...
The incidence of metastatic spread of gastrointestinal malignancies to the thyroid gland is relatively low and most of these malignancies originate from the colorectum. Thyroid metastasis originating ...
Thyroid gland teratomas are rare tumors that span a wide clinicopathologic spectrum. Although benign and immature teratomas arise in infants and young children and generally have good outcomes, malign...
Study the nature of structural and functional changes in the thyroid gland in patients with malignant tumors of the mammary glands that have suffered from the Chornobyl accident.
Prophylactic central neck node dissection (CND) for pediatric patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is still controversial. We aimed to identify the incidence and the predictive parameters of t...
Thyroid carcinoma is the common endocrine system malignant neoplasm. At present it has become the malignant neoplasm of fastest growing incidence rate. More than 85% thyroid carcinoma is p...
The standard surgical treatment for highly differentiated papillary thyroid cancer > 10 mm according to recent national and international guidelines, is total thyroidectomy and central lym...
This study is expected to provide novel data regarding potential structural and functional changes of the thyroid gland in morbidly obese adults following significant weight loss through b...
This trial deals with cancers of the thyroid gland which are advanced at the local site of thyroid. These cancers are treated with surgery and complete removal of the thyroid gland. But du...
Undifferentiated thyroid cancer is the most malignant tumor of the thyroid gland, with a median survival of only 3 months. Most undifferentiated cancers lose the chance of surgery when the...
An aggressive THYROID GLAND malignancy which generally occurs in IODINE-deficient areas in people with previous thyroid pathology such as GOITER. It is associated with CELL DEDIFFERENTIATION of THYROID CARCINOMA (e.g., FOLLICULAR THYROID CARCINOMA; PAPILLARY THYROID CANCER). Typical initial presentation is a rapidly growing neck mass which upon metastasis is associated with DYSPHAGIA; NECK PAIN; bone pain; DYSPNEA; and NEUROLOGIC DEFICITS.
Spontaneously remitting inflammatory condition of the THYROID GLAND, characterized by FEVER; MUSCLE WEAKNESS; SORE THROAT; severe thyroid PAIN; and an enlarged damaged gland containing GIANT CELLS. The disease frequently follows a viral infection.
An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
Defective development of the THYROID GLAND. This concept includes thyroid agenesis (aplasia), hypoplasia, or an ectopic gland. Clinical signs usually are those of CONGENITAL HYPOTHYROIDISM.
There are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma. Basal cell carcinoma Basal cell carcinoma, or BCC, is a cancer of the basal cells at the bottom of the epidermis. It’s very common ...
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck, just above thecollarbone and is an endocrine gland that make hormones. These Thyroid hormones control the rate of many activities in the body, including how fast the body burns calories and how fast th...
Acute Coronary Syndromes ACS
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) is an umbrella term for situations where the blood supplied to the heart muscle is suddenly blocked. Treatment for acute coronary syndrome includes medicines and a procedure known as angioplasty, during which doctors inflat...