Topics

Gene editing and CRISPR in the clinic: current and future perspectives.

08:00 EDT 24th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Gene editing and CRISPR in the clinic: current and future perspectives."

Genome editing technologies, particularly those based on zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs), and CRISPR/Cas9 are rapidly progressing into clinical trials.  Most clinical use of CRISPR to date has focused on ex vivo gene editing of cells followed by their re-introduction back into the patient.  The ex vivo editing approach is highly effective for many disease states, including cancers and sickle cell disease, but ideally genome editing would also be applied to diseases which require cell modification in vivo.  However, in vivo use of CRISPR technologies can be confounded by problems such as off-target editing, inefficient or off-target delivery, and stimulation of counterproductive immune responses.  Current research addressing these issues may provide new opportunities for use of CRISPR in the clinical space.  In this review, we examine the current status and scientific basis of clinical trials featuring ZFNs, TALENs and CRISPR-based genome editing, the known limitations of CRISPR use in humans, and the rapidly developing CRISPR engineering space that should lay the groundwork for further translation to clinical application.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Bioscience reports
ISSN: 1573-4935
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [21766 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

CRISPR/Cas9-Based Gene Editing in Soybean.

CRISPR/Cas9 (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat/CRISPR associated Cas9)-based gene editing is a robust tool for functional genomics research and breeding programs in various crop...

Engineering T Cells Using CRISPR/Cas9 for Cancer Therapy.

Recent advances in the development of gene editing technologies, especially the CRISPR/Cas 9 system, have substantially enhanced our ability to make precise and efficient changes in the genomes of var...

CRISPR-Cas9 and the Promise of a Better Future.

Due to its simplicity, low cost and accuracy, CRISPR-Cas9 has become a promising new technique in the field of gene editing. However, despite its virtues, it is not yet immune to scientific hazards an...

Mitigating off-target effects in CRISPR/Cas9-mediated in vivo gene editing.

The rapid advancement of genome editing technologies has opened up new possibilities in the field of medicine. Nuclease-based techniques such as the CRISPR/Cas9 system are now used to target genetical...

Gene Editing in B-Lymphoma Cell Lines Using CRISPR/Cas9 Technology.

Genome editing in eukaryotes has greatly improved through the application of targeted editing tools. The development of the CRISPR/Cas9 technology has facilitated genome editing in mammalian cells. H...

Clinical Trials [8659 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Safety of Transplantation of CRISPR CCR5 Modified CD34+ Cells in HIV-infected Subjects With Hematological Malignances

The investigators performed this study to evaluate the safety and feasibility of transplantation with CRISPR/Cas9 CCR5 gene modified CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells for patients ...

Exploiting Epigenome Editing in Kabuki Syndrome: a New Route Towards Gene Therapy for Rare Genetic Disorders

Starting from isolating primary cells from affected patients, an in vitro disease model system for KS will be developed. Using alternative strategies to obtain patient-derived mesenchymal ...

Ascending Dose Study of Genome Editing by the Zinc Finger Protein (ZFP) Therapeutic SB-318 in Subjects With MPS I

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the safety, tolerability and effect on leukocyte and plasma iduronidase (IDUA) enzyme activity of ascending doses of SB-318. SB-318 is an intravenou...

Ascending Dose Study of Genome Editing by the Zinc Finger Nuclease (ZFN) Therapeutic SB-913 in Subjects With MPS II

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the safety, tolerability and effect on leukocyte and plasma Iduronate 2-Sulfatase (IDS) enzyme activity of ascending doses of SB-913. SB-913 is an i...

Evaluation of CRISPR-based Test for the Rapid Identification of TB in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Suspects

This observational Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) diagnostics evaluation study is a prospective study of pulmonary TB suspects who are undergoing sputum or bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Protein components of the CRISPR-CAS SYSTEMS for anti-viral defense in ARCHAEA and BACTERIA. These are proteins that carry out a variety of functions during the creation and expansion of the CRISPR ARRAYS, the capture of new CRISPR SPACERS, biogenesis of SMALL INTERFERING RNA (CRISPR or crRNAs), and the targeting and silencing of invading viruses and plasmids. They include DNA HELICASES; RNA-BINDING PROTEINS; ENDONUCLEASES; and RNA and DNA POLYMERASES.

Adaptive antiviral defense mechanisms, in archaea and bacteria, based on DNA repeat arrays called CLUSTERED REGULARLY INTERSPACED SHORT PALINDROMIC REPEATS (CRISPR elements) that function in conjunction with CRISPR-ASSOCIATED PROTEINS (Cas proteins). Several types have been distinguished, including Type I, Type II, and Type III, based on signature motifs of CRISPR-ASSOCIATED PROTEINS.

The different gene transcripts generated from a single gene by RNA EDITING or ALTERNATIVE SPLICING of RNA PRECURSORS.

The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.

An APOBEC deaminase catalytic subunit of the apolipoprotein B (APOB) MESSENGER RNA (mRNA) editing enzyme complex that is involved in post-transcriptional editing of a CAA codon for GLYCINE to a UAA STOP CODON in the ApoB mRNA. It also functions in CGA (ARGININE) to UGA STOP CODON editing of NEUROFIBROMIN 1 mRNA and EPIGENETIC PROCESSES.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Bioinformatics
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...

Clinical Approvals
Clinical trials are a set of procedures in medical research conducted to allow safety (or more specifically, information about adverse drug reactions and adverse effects of other treatments) and efficacy data to be collected for health interventions (e.g...


Searches Linking to this Article