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The spectral mismatch between the distribution of sunlight (AM1.5G) and crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar cells is one of the most important limiting factors of the conversion efficiency of photovoltaic (PV) devices. As an effective solution, the use of the luminescence down-shifting (LDS) technique is an important way to improve the short-wavelength response of a solar cell by shifting high-energy photons to the visible range. Herein, a large-area (17 × 17 cm2) luminescent thin film consisting of a ternary europium (Eu3+) complex and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) was successfully constructed through a solution casting method and further developed as an effective LDS layer to improve the photoelectric conversion efficiency of c-Si solar cells with a large active area (235 cm2). The self-standing LDS layer is flexible, transparent and easily attachable to the surface of the solar cell module. Compared with the uncoated c-Si solar cell, the one coated with the LDS layer displayed an enhancement of ∼15% in external quantum efficiency (EQE) due to the high luminescence quantum yield of the Eu3+ complex doped inside the layer. These results demonstrate that use of a large area luminescent film embedding an Eu3+ complex is a versatile and effective strategy to improve the conversion efficiency of large size PV devices, giving rise to its great potential application as an LDS material.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003)
Manipulation of low-dimensional solids through soft chemical routes is an elegant way to realize newer materials. A new family of single crystalline transition metal layered organophosphates, with ~18...
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A large retrospective study compared wound irrigation with antiseptic solution, with antimicrobial agent, and with normal saline in patients undergoing open appendectomy and concluded an e...
Techniques using light resulting from PHYSICAL LUMINESCENCE emitted by LUMINESCENT PROTEINS and LUMINESCENT AGENTS.
Compound such as LUMINESCENT PROTEINS that cause or emit light (PHYSICAL LUMINESCENCE).
Measurement of light resulting from PHYSICAL CHEMILUMINESCENCE such as from LUMINESCENT PROTEINS and LUMINESCENT AGENTS.
Synthetic material used for the treatment of burns and other conditions involving large-scale loss of skin. It often consists of an outer (epidermal) layer of silicone and an inner (dermal) layer of collagen and chondroitin 6-sulfate. The dermal layer elicits new growth and vascular invasion and the outer layer is later removed and replaced by a graft.
Emission of LIGHT when ELECTRONS return to the electronic ground state from an excited state and lose the energy as PHOTONS. It is sometimes called cool light in contrast to INCANDESCENCE. LUMINESCENT MEASUREMENTS take advantage of this type of light emitted from LUMINESCENT AGENTS.