Multiscale optimization of Li-ion diffusion in solid lithium metal batteries via ion conductive metal-organic frameworks.

08:00 EDT 24th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Multiscale optimization of Li-ion diffusion in solid lithium metal batteries via ion conductive metal-organic frameworks."

Optimization of solid electrolytes (SEs) is of great significance for lithium-based solid state batteries (SSBs). However, insufficient Li ion transport, deficient interfacial compatibility and formation of lithium dendrites lead to poor cycling performance. Based on Li+ conductive metal-organic frameworks (LCMOFs), herein a multiscale optimization strategy is put forward to facilitate Li+ transport within the MOFs (molecular scale), between the MOFs' boundaries (nanoscale) and across the SE/electrode interface (microscale) in SSBs. LCMOFs are obtained by binding Li+ onto ionogenic chemical groups (-CO2H, -SO3H and -OH) in nanoscale dispersed MOFs. Both experimental results and DFT simulations confirm the key role of ionogenic groups for Li+ transport. Furthermore, benefiting from the optimized interfaces between LCMOF crystals, SEs with excellent electrochemical properties are obtained, including a high ionic conductivity of 1.06 × 10-3 S cm-1 at 25 °C, a wide electrochemical window from 2.0 to 4.5 V, low interfacial resistances and stable Li plating/stripping. The fabricated Li|SE|LiFePO4 SSB exhibits high and stable charge/discharge capacities under wide operation temperatures ranging from -20 to 60 °C.


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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Nanoscale
ISSN: 2040-3372


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