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When recording condylar movement paths with the aid of electronic measuring systems, it is often found that, especially in jaw opening and closing movements, excursive and incursive paths of movement are not congruent but run separately, independently of one another to a greater or lesser degree. The objective of the study was to investigate this phenomenon in the context of rotation vs translation behavior, also taking into consideration additional side-specific condylar movement patterns. For this purpose, the electronic movement records of habitual jaw opening of 259 participants of the associated project of the population-representative basic study SHIP 0 were evaluated. The condylar movement path (condylar tracing, ConTrac) at the arbitrary axis point, the excursion vs incursion behavior in the condylar tracing grid (ExInGrid), and the rotation vs translation behavior (RotTrans) were classified, and the translational condylar path and the maximum angle of rotation were determined metrically. Relationships between the parameters ConTrac, ExInGrid, and RotTrans were statistically analyzed using cross tabulations and Spearman's correlation coefficient. Only about 18% of ConTrac showed congruence of excursive and incursive movement path components, while 39% demonstrated noncongruent paths, and 43% showed further conspicuous features in the movement path. For the parameter ExInGrid, recognizable to highly pronounced loop formation patterns to a degree of 89% were observed in the condylar tracing grid. An average of 12.5 mm (min 2.1 mm, max 21.7 mm) was determined for the purely translational component of the condylar movement path, and 32.1 degrees (min 12 degrees, max 45 degrees) for the maximum angle of rotation. Concerning the rotation vs translation behavior, the linear basic pattern occurred at around 9%; the sigmoidal pattern at 28%; and the hysteretic, loopy or irregular pattern at 63%. The parameters RotTrans and ExInGrid showed a strong correlation, whereas the strength of the correlation for ConTrac and ExInGrid or RotTrans and ConTrac was evaluated as weak or very weak. The rotation vs translation behavior influences condylar movement paths in the positional relationship of excursive and incursive components. The visualization of several condylar movement paths in the form of a condylar tracing grid helps to capture complex rotational and translational motion components of the real condyles more effectively than the assessment of a single condylar movement path.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of computerized dentistry
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