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Water-Mediated Electronic Structure of Oligopeptides Probed by Their UV Circular Dichroism, Absorption Spectra, and Time-Dependent DFT Calculations.

08:00 EDT 24th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Water-Mediated Electronic Structure of Oligopeptides Probed by Their UV Circular Dichroism, Absorption Spectra, and Time-Dependent DFT Calculations."

We investigate the UV absorption spectra of a series of cationic GG peptides (where denotes a guest residue) in aqueous solution and find that only a subset of these spectra show a strong dependence with temperature. To explore whether or not this observation reflects conformational dependencies, we carry out time-dependent density functional calculations for the polyproline II (pPII) and β-strand conformations in implicit and explicit water. We find that the calculated CD spectra for pPII can qualitatively account for the experimental spectra irrespective of the water model. The β-strand UV-CD spectra, however, require the explicit consideration of water. Contrary to conventional wisdom, we find that both the NV and NV band are the envelopes of contributions from multiple transitions that involve more than just the HOMOs and LUMOs of the peptide groups. A natural transition orbital analysis reveals that some of the transitions have a charge-transfer character. The overall manifold of transitions depends on the peptide's backbone conformation, peptide hydration, and side chain of the guest residue. Our results reveal that peptide groups, side chains, and hydration shells must be considered as an entity for a physically valid characterization of UV absorbance and circular dichroism.

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Name: The journal of physical chemistry. B
ISSN: 1520-5207
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