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Dietary Clostridium butyricum supplementation modifies significantly the liver transcriptomic profile in weaned piglets.

08:00 EDT 24th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Dietary Clostridium butyricum supplementation modifies significantly the liver transcriptomic profile in weaned piglets."

The addition of probiotics in swine nutrition is known to positively influence both health and growth. The current study investigates differences in the hepatic transcriptome profiles between weaned piglets supplemented with Clostridium butyricum (C. butyricum) and control animals that received no probiotic. The liver is an important metabolic organ that plays a critical role in oxidizing triglycerides for energy production, lipid synthesis and degradation, as well as immune regulation in animals. RNA-Seq analysis was carried out on total RNA harvested from the liver of piglets fed with (n = 3) or without (n = 3) 5 × 10 C. butyricum CFU/g. Compared to the control piglets, 588 of the genes examined (352 up-regulated and 236 down-regulated) were significantly differentially expressed at a fold change > 2 and p < .05 in animals fed with C. butyricum. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis was further used to validate the microarray expression results for 28 genes tested. The functional annotation analyses revealed several genes, processes and pathways with putative involvement in piglet growth and performance. Feeding swine with 5 × 10 C. butyricum CFU/g appears to reinforce their immune status as well as foster the cell cycle and improve the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and amino acids. This study provides valuable information about the expression profiles of mRNAs in piglet liver and in-depth functional investigations of these mRNAs that could provide new insights into the molecular networks of growth, immune responses and nutrient metabolism in the porcine liver.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition
ISSN: 1439-0396
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Type species of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM, a gram-positive bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae. It is used as a source of PROBIOTICS.

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