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Covarying structural alterations in laterality of the temporal lobe in schizophrenia: A case for source-based laterality.

08:00 EDT 23rd March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Covarying structural alterations in laterality of the temporal lobe in schizophrenia: A case for source-based laterality."

The human brain is asymmetrically lateralized for certain functions (such as language processing) to regions in one hemisphere relative to the other. Asymmetries are measured with a laterality index (LI). However, traditional LI measures are limited by a lack of consensus on metrics used for its calculation. To address this limitation, source-based laterality (SBL) leverages an independent component analysis for the identification of laterality-specific alterations, identifying covarying components between hemispheres across subjects. SBL is successfully implemented with simulated data with inherent differences in laterality. SBL is then compared with a voxel-wise analysis utilizing structural data from a sample of patients with schizophrenia and controls without schizophrenia. SBL group comparisons identified three distinct temporal regions and one cerebellar region with significantly altered laterality in patients with schizophrenia relative to controls. Previous work highlights reductions in laterality (ie, reduced left gray matter volume) in patients with schizophrenia compared with controls without schizophrenia. Results from this pilot SBL project are the first, to our knowledge, to identify covarying laterality differences within discrete temporal brain regions. The authors argue SBL provides a unique focus to detect covarying laterality differences in patients with schizophrenia, facilitating the discovery of laterality aspects undetected in previous work.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: NMR in biomedicine
ISSN: 1099-1492
Pages: e4294

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A neurosurgical procedure that removes the anterior TEMPORAL LOBE including the medial temporal structures of CEREBRAL CORTEX; AMYGDALA; HIPPOCAMPUS; and the adjacent PARAHIPPOCAMPAL GYRUS. This procedure is generally used for the treatment of intractable temporal epilepsy (EPILEPSY, TEMPORAL LOBE).

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An acute (or rarely chronic) inflammatory process of the brain caused by SIMPLEXVIRUS infections which may be fatal. The majority of infections are caused by human herpesvirus 1 (HERPESVIRUS 1, HUMAN) and less often by human herpesvirus 2 (HERPESVIRUS 2, HUMAN). Clinical manifestations include FEVER; HEADACHE; SEIZURES; HALLUCINATIONS; behavioral alterations; APHASIA; hemiparesis; and COMA. Pathologically, the condition is marked by a hemorrhagic necrosis involving the medial and inferior TEMPORAL LOBE and orbital regions of the FRONTAL LOBE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp751-4)

The compartment containing the anterior extremities and half the inferior surface of the temporal lobes (TEMPORAL LOBE) of the cerebral hemispheres. Lying posterior and inferior to the anterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, ANTERIOR), it is formed by part of the TEMPORAL BONE and SPHENOID BONE. It is separated from the posterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR) by crests formed by the superior borders of the petrous parts of the temporal bones.

Artery formed by the bifurcation of the BASILAR ARTERY. Branches of the posterior cerebral artery supply portions of the OCCIPITAL LOBE; PARIETAL LOBE; inferior temporal gyrus, brainstem, and CHOROID PLEXUS.

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