Incidence of hip and knee osteonecrosis and their associations with bone mineral density in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.

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Summary of "Incidence of hip and knee osteonecrosis and their associations with bone mineral density in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia."

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: British journal of haematology
ISSN: 1365-2141


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Death of a bone or part of a bone, either atraumatic or posttraumatic.

Decrease, loss, or removal of the mineral constituents of bones. Temporary loss of bone mineral content is especially associated with space flight, weightlessness, and extended immobilization. OSTEOPOROSIS is permanent, includes reduction of total bone mass, and is associated with increased rate of fractures. CALCIFICATION, PHYSIOLOGIC is the process of bone remineralizing. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed; Nicogossian, Space Physiology and Medicine, 2d ed, pp327-33)

Removal of mineral constituents or salts from bone or bone tissue. Demineralization is used as a method of studying bone strength and bone chemistry.

The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.

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