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3D bioprinting involves engineering live cells into a 3D structure, using a 3D printer to print cells, often together with a compatible 3D scaffold. 3D-printed cells and tissues may be used for a range of purposes including medical research, in vitro drug testing, and in vivo transplantation. The inclusion of living cells and biomaterials in the 3D printing process raises ethical, policy, and regulatory issues at each stage of the bioprinting process that include the source of cells and materials, stability and biocompatibility of cells and materials, disposal of 3D-printed materials, intended use, and long-term effects. This chapter focuses on the ethical issues that arise from 3D bioprinting in the lab-from consideration of the source of cells and materials, ensuring their quality and safety, through to testing of bioprinted materials in animal and human trials. It also provides guidance on where to seek information concerning appropriate regulatory frameworks and guidelines, including on classification and patenting of 3D-bioprinted materials, and identifies regulatory gaps that deserve attention.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)
The significance of ethical considerations for animal research policy has long been acknowledged but the role of philosophical ethics in the policymaking process has been less clear. By comparing the ...
Stereolithography (SLA) 3D bioprinting has emerged as a prominent bioprinting method addressing the requirements of complex tissue fabrication. This chapter addresses the advancement in SLA 3D bioprin...
This work explores the concept of morality as self-governing autonomy that has its origins in Immanuel Kant's ethics. It investigates how a mistaken view of Kant's ethics underpins a strand of debate ...
Biomaterial-free three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting is a relatively new field within 3D bioprinting, where 3D tissues are created from the fusion of 3D multicellular spheroids, without requiring bioma...
The aim of this study is: 1. to test a new ethics educational intervention for nurse mangers, Ethics Quarter (EQ) and 2. to measure the feasibility and the usability of the EQ ...
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a blended-learning model on physiotherapy students´ attitude, knowledge and opinions towards learning professional ethics. A simple-blin...
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a higher education programme based on professional ethics in physiotherapy students. A simple-blind clinical trial was performed. A two-m...
This study examines the effectiveness and appropriateness of a written physical activity policy implemented in licensed centre-based childcare on the physical activity levels of toddlers (...
The primary aim of the study is to demonstrate the value of a preemptive approach to ethics consultation in an ICU. The investigators hope to answer the question: Will proactive ethics in...
Persons trained in philosophical or theological ethics who work in clinical, research, public policy, or other settings where they bring their expertise to bear on the analysis of ethical dilemmas in policies or cases. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Hospital or other institutional ethics committees established to consider the ethical dimensions of patient care. Distinguish from ETHICS COMMITTEES, RESEARCH, which are established to monitor the welfare of patients or healthy volunteers participating in research studies.
Services provided by an individual ethicist (ETHICISTS) or an ethics team or committee (ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL) to address the ethical issues involved in a specific clinical case. The central purpose is to improve the process and outcomes of patients' care by helping to identify, analyze, and resolve ethical problems.
An approach to ethics that focuses on theories of the importance of general principles such as respect for autonomy, beneficence/nonmaleficence, and justice.
Committees established by professional societies, health facilities, or other institutions to consider decisions that have bioethical implications. The role of these committees may include consultation, education, mediation, and/or review of policies and practices. Committees that consider the ethical dimensions of patient care are ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL; committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects are ETHICS COMMITTEES, RESEARCH.
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Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative ...