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Despite being a common presenting symptom to eye-care clinics, many ophthalmologists have difficulty diagnosing and managing ocular surface pain. The purpose of this review is to discuss potential causes of ocular surface pain, focusing on both nociceptive and neuropathic aetiologies. Specifically, we outline an approach to the diagnosis of ocular surface pain and focus on various management strategies, providing supporting evidence on the efficacy of various treatments.
This article was published in the following journal.
Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes maladaptive changes to nociceptive synaptic circuits within the injured spinal cord. Changes also occur at remote regions including the brain stem, limbic system, corte...
Pain is a frequently reported symptom in dry eye disease (DED). We examine the factors associated with ocular pain severity and patient-reported improvement in ocular pain to commonly used dry eye and...
Persistent neuropathic pain is a common and often severe consequence of spinal cord injury (SCI). There is a critical need to better understand how to overcome barriers and promote facilitators to opt...
Complex mechanisms involved in neuropathic pain that represents a major health concern make its management complicated. Because neurosteroids are bioactive steroids endogenously synthesized in the ner...
Painful distal symmetrical polyneuropathy is common in HIV and is associated with reduced quality of life. Research has not explored the experience of neuropathic pain in people with HIV from a person...
Both neuropathic and nociceptive mechanisms may contribute to the OA pain experience. Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of warm whirlpool on pain, disability, quali...
Some patients with dry eye may have severe disabling neuropathic pain. They describe spontaneous pain, dysesthesia, hyperalgesia or even allodynia. It is classical to note an important dis...
This project will examine the similarities and differences of the ocular surface and tear film in patients with Sjogren's syndrome related to dry eye, severe dry eye and those who do not h...
To establish the infrastructure for a national neuropathic pain database. To determine the longterm outcome of the management of chronic neuropathic pain including pain relief, disability...
This is a comparative drug trial involving patients with clinically definite Multiple Sclerosis and documented neuropathic pain. Patients will be randomized to receive treatment with eith...
Dull or sharp aching pain caused by stimulated NOCICEPTORS due to tissue injury, inflammation or diseases. It can be divided into somatic or tissue pain and VISCERAL PAIN.
Management review designed to evaluate efficiency and to identify areas in need of management improvement within the institution in order to ensure effectiveness in meeting organizational goals.
Somatosensory evoked potentials generated through the application of HEAT to the SKIN with a LASER. They are often used clinically to assess the function of the central nociceptive system and in diagnosing NOCICEPTIVE PAIN.
Sensing of noxious mechanical, thermal or chemical stimuli by NOCICEPTORS. It is the sensory component of visceral and tissue pain (NOCICEPTIVE PAIN).
Management control systems for structuring health care delivery strategies around case types, as in DRGs, or specific clinical services.
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...
Pain is a feeling (sharp or dull) triggered in the nervous system which can be transient or constant. Pain can be specific to one area of the body eg back, abdomen or chest or more general all over the body eg muscles ache from the flu. Without pain ...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...