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Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a common genetic disease, predominantly caused by mutations in cardiac sarcomere genes; however, whether MYH7B causes HCM is not known. In this study, 549 unrelated patients with HCM and 500 healthy-controls were screened using targeted sequencing and whole exome sequencing together. We observed seven variants in MYH7B causing HCM in 8/549 patients, which accounted for 1.46% of HCM cases. Of these seven variants, three likely pathogenic variants in MYH7B co-segregating with 5 HCM patients were identified in three HCM pedigrees without other HCM-associated variants. Myh7b knockout rats were generated and cardiac functions were detected by Millar pressure-volume catheterization and echocardiography. Spontaneous HCM phenotypes, cellular disarray and cardiac fibrosis were observed in both Myh7b/Myh7b rats. Transcriptome sequencing showed that calcium is the key mediator of cardiac hypertrophy in Myh7b knockout. Subsequent analysis confirmed over-activation of CaMK-signaling pathway in cardiomyocytes of Myh7b rats. Furthermore, MYH7B expression in human and rat hearts was identified and microRNA-208a and microRNA-499 levels are unchanged in HCM patients and Myh7b/Myh7b rats. This study is the first to identifyMYH7B variants as cause of HCM, which account for 1.46% of pathogenesisin HCM patients. Activation of CaMK-signaling pathway may be involved in its pathophysiology.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Science China. Life sciences
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is associated with poor prognosis. In our previous study, it has been reported that patients with acute myocardial infarction and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy exhibited wors...
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in the absence of predisposing cardiovascular conditions. Pathogenic variants in at least 16 cardiac sarcomeric...
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Study evaluate the relationships between daily physical activity levels (PAL) and functional capacity (VO2peak) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)
An autosomal dominant inherited form of HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY. It results from any of more than 50 mutations involving genes encoding contractile proteins such as VENTRICULAR MYOSINS; cardiac TROPONIN T; ALPHA-TROPOMYOSIN.
A group of diseases in which the dominant feature is the involvement of the CARDIAC MUSCLE itself. Cardiomyopathies are classified according to their predominant pathophysiological features (DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY; HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY; RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY) or their etiological/pathological factors (CARDIOMYOPATHY, ALCOHOLIC; ENDOCARDIAL FIBROELASTOSIS).
A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease, characterized by left and/or right ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR; HYPERTROPHY, RIGHT VENTRICULAR), frequent asymmetrical involvement of the HEART SEPTUM, and normal or reduced left ventricular volume. Risk factors include HYPERTENSION; AORTIC STENOSIS; and gene MUTATION; (FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY).
An autosomal recessively inherited glycogen storage disease caused by GLUCAN 1,4-ALPHA-GLUCOSIDASE deficiency. Large amounts of GLYCOGEN accumulate in the LYSOSOMES of skeletal muscle (MUSCLE, SKELETAL); HEART; LIVER; SPINAL CORD; and BRAIN. Three forms have been described: infantile, childhood, and adult. The infantile form is fatal in infancy and presents with hypotonia and a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (CARDIOMYOPATHY, HYPERTROPHIC). The childhood form usually presents in the second year of life with proximal weakness and respiratory symptoms. The adult form consists of a slowly progressive proximal myopathy. (From Muscle Nerve 1995;3:S61-9; Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp73-4)
Isoforms of MYOSIN TYPE II, specifically found in the ventricular muscle of the HEART. Defects in the genes encoding ventricular myosins result in FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY.
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...