Topics

Evaluating the effects of transgenic Bt rice cultivation on soil stability.

08:00 EDT 24th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Evaluating the effects of transgenic Bt rice cultivation on soil stability."

Insecticidal crystal (Cry) proteins produced by genetically modified rice that enter the soil via pollen dispersal, plant residues, and root exudation may disturb soil health. In the present study, we assessed the influences of transgenic Bt rice (i.e., HH1 with Cry1Ab/Cry1Ac) cultivation on the dynamics of soil carbon and nutrients under field conditions during 2013-2016. Transgenic treatments (transgenic Bt rice vs. its parental line (i.e., MH63) of non-Bt rice) have no consistently significant effects on soil property, including available nitrogen, available phosphorus, available potassium, total nitrogen, and total phosphorus, while apparent seasonal changes were observed. Besides, the variations of soil nutrients in the paddy field of transgenic Bt rice did not exceed their resistance capacities, except total organic carbon (TOC; RS (resistance) = 1.51) and total potassium (TK; RS = 2.62) in 2013 and TK (RS = 1.94) in 2014. However, the TOC and soil nutrient of TK in the paddy field of transgenic Bt rice have recovered to the pre-perturbation status after harvest (RL (resilience) = 1.01, F = 0.01, P = 0.91; RL = 0.98, F = 0.34, P = 0.58; RL = 0.99, F = 1.26, P = 0.29). Moreover, the paddy yield of transgenic Bt rice was consistently higher than that of its parental line of non-Bt rice. These results suggested that the cultivation of transgenic Bt rice has no adverse impact on soil stability in terms of soil carbon and nutrients and paddy yield.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Environmental science and pollution research international
ISSN: 1614-7499
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [21232 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

High-throughput sequencing analysis of microbial community diversity in response to indica and japonica bar-transgenic rice paddy soils.

Potential environmental risks of genetically modified (GM) crops have raised concerns. To better understand the effect of transgenic rice on the bacterial community in paddy soil, a field experiment w...

Effects of long-term paddy rice cultivation on soil arsenic speciation.

Geochemical behavior of arsenic (As) in rice paddy soils determines the availability and mobility of As in the soils, but little is known about the long-term effects of paddy rice cultivation on As sp...

Air warming and CO enrichment increase N use efficiency and decrease N surplus in a Chinese double rice cropping system.

Effectiveness of N might be modified in rice cultivation under future climate change with elevated atmospheric CO concentration ([CO]). At present, limited information is available to understand how p...

Prediction models for rice cadmium accumulation in Chinese paddy fields and the implications in deducing soil thresholds based on food safety standards.

Deducing soil cadmium (Cd) safety thresholds should be different for rice cultivars with different capacities to accumulate Cd to guarantee safe rice production in China. This study developed predicti...

Changes in rice yield and yield stability in China during the past six decades.

Increasing rice yield and its stability are important to achieving the sustainability of rice production. Rice yields have increased substantially in China during recent decades, but information on th...

Clinical Trials [5880 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Effect of Degree of Rice-polishing on Glycaemic Response

To investigate the effects of rice polishing on glycaemic and insulinaemic response in healthy Chinese male volunteers.

Red Rice Yeast in Low-density Lipoprotein (LDL) Lowering: an Efficacy Study

Red yeast rice is a source of active compounds in reducing LDL levels with practically no side effects. Molval Fort is a natural product available in the Lebanese market with a combination...

Barley and Rice Mixture Effects on Blood Glucose

The purpose of this research was to investigate 5 different formulations of whole grain barley and refined white rice against a control of white bread on post-prandial glycemic response, a...

An Efficacy Trial of Iron, Zinc and Vitamin A Fortified Rice in Children in Satun, Thailand

Iron, zinc and vitamin A deficiencies are particularly common among children and young women in the developing countries of South and Southeast Asia resulting in important adverse health e...

Pilot Feasibility of Rice Bran Supplementation in Nicaraguan Children

The purpose is to assess feasibility of rice bran consumption in weaning children and collect pilot data on gut microbiome and metabolome modulation with rice bran intake for diarrheal pre...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The anamorphic form of the fungus MAGNAPORTHE GRISEA and the most important pathogen of rice worldwide. It causes rice blast which prevents maturation of the rice grains.

The science of soil cultivation, crop production, and livestock raising.

OIL extracted from the hard outer brown layer of rice bran after the husk has been removed.

Vaccines or candidate vaccines derived from edible plants. Transgenic plants (PLANTS, TRANSGENIC) are used as recombinant protein production systems and the edible plant tissue functions as an oral vaccine.

A genus of DNA plant viruses in the family CAULIMOVIRIDAE. The sole species, Rice tungro bacilliform virus, shows 25% identity with BADNAVIRUS. It is transmitted by leafhoppers with the assistance of RICE TUNGRO SPHERICAL VIRUS.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Recombinant DNA
Recombinant DNA is the formation of a novel DNA sequence by the formation of two DNA strands. These are taken from two different organisms. These recombinant DNA molecules can be made with recombinant DNA technology. The procedure is to cut the DNA of ...

Genetic Engineering
Genetic engineering is the process of manually adding new DNA to an organism. The goal is to add one or more new traits that are not already found in that organism. Examples of genetically engineered (transgenic) organisms currently on the market include...

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...


Searches Linking to this Article