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Many studies have highlighted the link between indoor air pollution from the burning of solid fuels for cooking and heating and the occurrence of various health problems particularly in women and children under 5 years. In developing countries, solid fuels remain the main sources of energy. The purpose of this study aims to describe the distribution of household cooking fuel types and to analyze the factors influencing household cooking energy choice in Ouagadougou. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2017 in 3 neighborhoods of Ouagadougou. A total of 1734 household were randomly selected. We performed a multivariable logistic regression and a multinomial logistic regression to measure the relationship between selected determinants and households' primary cooking fuel. 59.53% of the households of Ouagadougou reported using solid fuels as the main cooking fuel. Wood is the most common primary cooking fuel used (43.93%), followed by LPG (40.41%) and then charcoal (15.60%). About 84% combine at least 2 types of energy for cooking. Cooking fuel choice is strongly influenced by the socioeconomic status, the family size, and also by the woman's educational attainment, her age and the main cooking fuel used in her parents' house. Actions aimed at reducing the impact of solid fuel use in the environment or health must consider these factors.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Environmental science and pollution research international
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