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Gold mining in the 1800s has led to the contamination of wetlands with introduced mercury (Hg) and geogenic arsenic (As). In situ risk management tools to reduce mobility and toxicity of Hg and As are needed to support natural restoration of impacted ecosystems. Here, we explored whether a nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) slurry injected into two different contaminated wetland sediments can reduce Hg and As mobility to the overlaying water and toxicity to two aquatic invertebrates, burrowing mayflies (Hexagenia spp.) and Chinese mystery snails (Cipangopaludina chinensis). Total water Hg and As concentrations overlying both contaminated sediments were reduced by at least 75% and 88% respectively when treated with nZVI slurry. In the first sediment, juvenile snail survival increased from 75% in the untreated sediment to 100% in all nZVI treatments. The 2% nZVI treatment level was the only one with surviving mayflies (33%) and growth of juvenile snails. No snails or mayflies survived in the second sediment, regardless of nZVI treatment level. However, snails survived longer in this sediment with 4% and 8% nZVI. To improve reactivity of nZVI without increasing nZVI dose, future studies should investigate matrix-supported nZVI for reducing mobility and toxicity of As and Hg in wetland sediments.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Environmental science and pollution research international
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Iron-containing proteins that transfer electrons, usually at a low potential, to flavoproteins; the iron is not present as in heme. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.
A multifunctional iron-sulfur protein that is both an iron regulatory protein and cytoplasmic form of aconitate hydratase. It binds to iron regulatory elements found on mRNAs involved in iron metabolism and regulates their translation. Its rate of degradation is increased in the presence of IRON.
A multifunctional iron-sulfur protein that is both an iron regulatory protein and cytoplasmic form of aconitate hydratase. It binds to iron regulatory elements found on mRNAs involved in iron metabolism and regulates their translation. Its RNA binding ability and its aconitate hydrolase activity are dependent upon availability of IRON.
Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...