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Plants are sessile and unable to avoid environmental stresses, such as drought, high temperature, and high salinity, which often limit the overall plant growth. Plants have evolved many complex mechanisms to survive these abiotic stresses via post-translational modifications. Recent evidence suggests that ubiquitination plays a crucial role in regulating abiotic stress responses in plants by regulating their substrate proteins. Here, we reported the molecular function of a RING finger E3 ligase, Oryza sativa Drought, Heat and Salt-induced RING finger protein 1 (OsDHSRP1), involved in regulating plant abiotic stress tolerance via the Ub/26S proteasome system. The OsDHSRP1 gene transcripts were highly expressed under various abiotic stresses such as NaCl, drought, and heat and the phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA). In addition, in vitro ubiquitination assays demonstrated that the OsDHSRP1 protein possesses a RING-H2 type domain that confers ligase functionality. The results of yeast two-hybrid (Y2H), in vitro pull-down, and bimolecular fluorescence complementation assays support that OsDHSRP1 is able to regulate two substrates, O. sativa glyoxalase (OsGLYI-11.2) and O. sativa abiotic stress-induced cysteine proteinase 1 (OsACP1). We further confirmed that these two substrate proteins were ubiquitinated by OsDHSRP1 E3 ligase and caused protein degradation via the Ub/26S proteasome system. The Arabidopsis plants overexpressing OsDHSRP1 exhibited hypersensitivity to drought, heat, and NaCl stress and a decrease in their germination rates and root lengths compared to the control plants because the degradation of the OsGLYI-11.2 protein maintained lower glyoxalase levels, which increased the methylglyoxal amount in transgenic Arabidopsis plants. However, the OsDHSRP1-overexpressing plants showed no significant difference when treated with ABA. Our finding supports the hypothesis that the OsDHSRP1 E3 ligase acts as a negative regulator, and the degradation of its substrate proteins via ubiquitination plays important roles in regulating various abiotic stress responses via an ABA-independent pathway.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Plant molecular biology
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Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.
A group of conditions due to overexposure to or overexertion in excess environmental temperature. It includes heat cramps, which are non-emergent and treated by salt replacement; HEAT EXHAUSTION, which is more serious, treated with fluid and salt replacement; and HEAT STROKE, a condition most commonly affecting extremes of age, especially the elderly, accompanied by convulsions, delusions, or coma and treated with cooling the body and replacement of fluids and salts. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A zinc-binding domain defined by the sequence Cysteine-X2-Cysteine-X(9-39)-Cysteine-X(l-3)-His-X(2-3)-Cysteine-X2-Cysteine -X(4-48)-Cysteine-X2-Cysteine, where X is any amino acid. The RING finger motif binds two atoms of zinc, with each zinc atom ligated tetrahedrally by either four cysteines or three cysteines and a histidine. The motif also forms into a unitary structure with a central cross-brace region and is found in many proteins that are involved in protein-protein interactions. The acronym RING stands for Really Interesting New Gene.
Disease involving the ULNAR NERVE from its origin in the BRACHIAL PLEXUS to its termination in the hand. Clinical manifestations may include PARESIS or PARALYSIS of wrist flexion, finger flexion, thumb adduction, finger abduction, and finger adduction. Sensation over the medial palm, fifth finger, and ulnar aspect of the ring finger may also be impaired. Common sites of injury include the AXILLA, cubital tunnel at the ELBOW, and Guyon's canal at the wrist. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51 pp43-5)
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