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Downregulation of lncRNA TUG1 attenuates inflammation and apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cell induced by ischemia-reperfusion by sponging miR-449b-5p via targeting HMGB1 and MMP2.

08:00 EDT 23rd March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Downregulation of lncRNA TUG1 attenuates inflammation and apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cell induced by ischemia-reperfusion by sponging miR-449b-5p via targeting HMGB1 and MMP2."

We aimed to evaluate the functions of long non-coding RNA taurine upregulated gene 1 (lncRNA TUG1) in renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and identify the potential mechanisms. Pathological changes of renal tissues were examined using H&E staining after mimic renal I/R injury in vivo. The contents of serum renal functional parameters and inflammatory factors were measured. The expression of TUG1 and miR-449b-5p in renal tissues and HK-2 cells stimulated by I/R were detected. Then, the effects of TUG1 silencing on inflammation and apoptosis of cells were evaluated. Dual luciferase reporter assays were executed for determining the correlation between miR-449b-5p and TUG1, high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), or matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2). Subsequently, cells were co-transfected with miR-449b-5p mimic and pcDNA3.1 TUG1. The levels of inflammation, apoptosis, and the expression of HMGB1 and MMP2 were detected. The results revealed that renal tissues were obviously damaged after I/R accompanied by changes in renal functional markers and inflammatory factors. TUG1 was highly expressed whereas miR-449b-5p was lowly expressed. TUG1 silencing reduced the inflammation and apoptosis. Dual luciferase reporter assays confirmed that miR-449b-5p was a target of TUG1 as well as HMGB1 and MMP2 were direct targets of miR-449b-5p. Meanwhile, miR-449b-5p mimic presented the same results with TUG1 silencing, which were reversed after TUG1 overexpression. Moreover, MMP2 and HMGB1 expression was decreased after miR-449b-5p overexpression while that of was increased after TUG1 overexpression. These findings demonstrated that TUG1 silencing attenuates I/R-induced inflammation and apoptosis via targeting miR-449b-5p and regulating HMGB1 and MMP2 expression.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Inflammation
ISSN: 1573-2576
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