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Inhibition of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) is one of the key factors to repress high blood pressure. Although many studies have been reported that seaweed protein hydrolysates showed the ACE inhibitory activity, the comprehensive understanding of the relationship was still unclear. In this study, we employed chloroplast genome for in silico analysis and compared it with in vitro experiments. We first extracted water-soluble proteins (WSP) from red alga Grateloupia asiatica, which contained mainly PE, PC, APC, and Rbc, and prepared WSP hydrolysate by thermolysin, resulting that the hydrolysate showed ACE inhibitory activity. Then, we determined the complete chloroplast genome of G. asiatica (187,518 bp: 206 protein-coding genes, 29 tRNA, and 3 rRNA) and clarified the amino acid sequences of main WSP, i.e., phycobiliproteins and Rubisco, to perform in silico analysis. Consequently, 190 potential ACE inhibitory peptides existed in the main WSP sequences, and 21 peptides were obtained by in silico thermolysin digestion. By comparing in vitro and in silico analyses, in vitro ACE inhibitory activity was correlated to the IC value from in silico digestion. Therefore, in silico approach provides insight into the comprehensive understanding of the potential bioactive peptides from seaweed proteins.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Marine biotechnology (New York, N.Y.)
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Proteins encoded by the CHLOROPLAST GENOME or proteins encoded by the nuclear genome that are imported to and resident in the CHOROPLASTS.
The phosphoric acid ester of threonine. Used as an identifier in the analysis of peptides, proteins, and enzymes.
Proteins and peptides that are involved in SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION within the cell. Included here are peptides and proteins that regulate the activity of TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS and cellular processes in response to signals from CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS. Intracellular signaling peptide and proteins may be part of an enzymatic signaling cascade or act through binding to and modifying the action of other signaling factors.
Those nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity which are located within the CHLOROPLAST DNA.
Peptides and proteins found in BODILY SECRETIONS and BODY FLUIDS that are PROTEASE INHIBITORS. They play a role in INFLAMMATION, tissue repair and innate immunity (IMMUNITY, INNATE) by inhibiting endogenous proteinases such as those produced by LEUKOCYTES and exogenous proteases such as those produced by invading microorganisms.
Enzymes are proteins that catalyze (i.e., increase the rates of) chemical reactions. In enzymatic reactions, the molecules at the beginning of the process, called substrates, are converted into different molecules, called products. Almost all chemical re...