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Biosorption of Cr(VI) on sulfuric and phosphoric acid-treated Datura stramonium fruit was investigated in batch mode. The various parameters that influence the biosorption process such as Cr(VI) initial concentration, biosorbent dosage, contact time, temperature, and pH value were optimized. Both linear and non-linear regression analysis of isotherm data suggest that Langmuir isotherm model mimics the behavior of Cr(VI) ion biosorption onto Datura stramonium fruit biosorbent. The maximum Cr(VI) ions adsorption capacity of 138.074 mg/g at pH 2 is achieved with phosphoric acid treated Datura stramonium (PDSF). The kinetics of adsorption process is well described by pseudo-second-order model with high R and low χ value. The estimated activation energy of < 8 kJ/mol obtained for both raw and chemically modified adsorbents suggests that the adsorption occurs mainly via physisorption. Besides, thermodynamic results reveal that biosorption of Cr(VI) on both treated and untreated Datura stramonium was endothermic, spontaneous, and randomness in nature.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Environmental monitoring and assessment
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A plant species of the genus DATURA, family SOLANACEAE, that contains TROPANES and other SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS.
A plant species and perennial herb of the genus DATURA, family SOLANACEAE, containing poisonous tropane ALKALOIDS.
A chemical reagent that reacts with and modifies chemically the tryptophan portion of protein molecules. Used for 'active site' enzyme studies and other protein studies. Sometimes referred to as Koshland's reagent.
Starches that have been chemically modified so that a percentage of OH groups are substituted with 2-hydroxyethyl ether groups.
Food derived from genetically modified organisms (ORGANISMS, GENETICALLY MODIFIED).