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In a bioelectrochemical system (BES), microbial community of anode biofilm are crucial to BES performance. In this study, the stratified pattern of community structure and activity of an anode-respiring biofilm in a BES fueled with brewery wastewater was investigated over time. The anode biofilm exhibited a superior performance in the removal of ethanol to that of an open-circuit system. The electrical current density reached a high level of 0.55 mA/cm with a Coulombic efficiency of 71.4%, but decreased to 0.18 mA/cm in the late stage of operation. A mature biofilm developed a more active outer layer covering a less active inner core, although the activities of the outer and inner layers of biofilm were similar in the early stage. More Geobacter spp., typical exoelectrogens, were enriched in the outer layer than in the inner layer of biofilm in the early stage, while more Geobacter spp. were distributed in the outer layer than in the inner layer in the late stage. The inactive and Geobacter-occupied inner layer of biofilm might be responsible for the decreased electricity generation from wastewater in the late stage of operation. This study provides better understanding of the effect of anode biofilm structure on BES performance. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biotechnology and bioengineering
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A quantitative prediction of the biological, ecotoxicological or pharmaceutical activity of a molecule. It is based upon structure and activity information gathered from a series of similar compounds.
A COAGULASE-negative species of STAPHYLOCOCCUS found on the skin and MUCOUS MEMBRANE of warm-blooded animals. Similar to STAPHYLOCOCCUS EPIDERMIDIS and STAPHYLOCOCCUS HAEMOLYTICUS, it is a nosocomial pathogen in NICU settings. Subspecies include generally antibiotic susceptible and BIOFILM negative capitis and antibiotic resistant and biofilm positive urealyticus isolates.
Intradermal or subcutaneous saclike structure, the wall of which is stratified epithelium containing keratohyalin granules.
The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.
Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. Each colony (i.e., microbial colony-forming unit) represents the progeny of a single cell in the original inoculum. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.