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Ixodids suck blood from host animals and transmit pathogens that cause important medical and veterinary diseases. As synthetic conventional acaricide resistance becomes increasingly common, alternative tactics are likely to enhance control efforts. Laboratory bioassays assessed the lethality of CimeXa, a commercial silica gel desiccant dust, and EcoVia, a commercial product containing silica gel + thyme oil, against lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum (L.), larvae and nymphs. Both life stages were completely killed by CimeXa by 24 h, and EcoVia achieved total larval mortality within 1 h when they were initially immersed in the dusts and when they crawled across treated substrate. Larvae were killed faster than nymphs. Temporary immersion of A. americanum larvae and nymphs in aqueous suspensions of the dusts were less effective than exposure to the dusts applied dry. Larval and nymphal mortality associated with crawling on dried aqueous suspensions of the products was also not as strong as when the immature life stages crawled across substrate treated with dry dusts, and EcoVia was not more efficient than CimeXa. CimeXa and EcoVia can likely be used to protect cattle in a prophylactic context because silica gel does not degrade, and EcoVia might be effective at eliminating ticks that are feeding on cattle as well. We suggest that the two dust products be assessed for efficacy against other ixodid species, such as the southern cattle fever tick, Rhipicephalus microplus (Canestrini), which transmits the causal agents of babesiosis to cattle.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of medical entomology
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A form of pneumoconiosis resulting from inhalation of dust containing crystalline form of SILICON DIOXIDE, usually in the form of quartz. Amorphous silica is relatively nontoxic.
Colloids with liquid continuous phase and solid dispersed phase; the term is used loosely also for solid-in-gas (AEROSOLS) and other colloidal systems; water-insoluble drugs may be given as suspensions.
A non-crystalline form of silicon oxide that has absorptive properties. It is commonly used as a desiccating agent and as a stationary phase for CHROMATOGRAPHY. The fully hydrated form of silica gel has distinct properties and is referred to as SILICIC ACID.
A schistosomicide possibly useful against other parasites. It has irritant emetic properties and may cause lethal cardiac toxicity among other adverse effects.
Species of European house dust mite, in the family PYROGLYPHIDAE. It is the most commonly found house dust mite.