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Endometrial pyruvate kinase M2 is essential for decidualization during early pregnancy.

07:00 EST 1st March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Endometrial pyruvate kinase M2 is essential for decidualization during early pregnancy."

Embryo implantation is essential for normal pregnancy. Decidualization is known to facilitate embryo implantation and maintain pregnancy. Uterine stromal cells undergo transformation into decidual cells after embryo attachment to the endometrium. Pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) is a rate limiting enzyme in the glycolysis which catalyzes phosphoenolpyruvic acid transforming into pyruvate. However, little is known regarding the role of PKM2 during endometrium decidualization. In this study, PKM2 was found to mainly located in the uterine glandular epithelium and luminal epithelium on day 1 and day 4 of pregnancy and strongly expressed in decidual zone after embryo implantation. And it was dramatically increased with the onset of decidualization. Upon further exploration, it showed that PKM2 was higher expressed at the implantation sites than that at the inter-implantation sites on days 5 to 7 of pregnancy. PKM2 expression was also significantly increased after artificial decidualized both in vivo and in vitro. After PKM2 expression was knocked down by siRNA, the number of embryo implantation sites in mice on day 7 of pregnancy was significantly reduced and the decidualization markers BMP2 and Hoxa10 were also obviously downregulated in vivo and in vitro. Downregulated PKM2 could also compromise cell proliferation in primary endometrial stromal cells and in Ishikawa cells. The migration rate of Ishikawa cells was also obviously suppressed by si-PKM2 according to the wound healing assay. In conclusion, PKM2 might play an important role in decidualization during early pregnancy, and cell proliferation might be one pathway for PKM2 regulated decidualization.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Journal of endocrinology
ISSN: 1479-6805
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