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Glioblastoma (GBM), the most common primary brain tumor found in adults, is extremely aggressive. These high-grade gliomas, which are very diffuse, highly vascular, and invasive, undergo unregulated vascular angiogenesis. Despite available treatments, the median survival for patients is dismal. ELTD1 (EGF, latrophilin, and 7 transmembrane domain containing protein 1) is an angiogenic biomarker highly expressed in human high-grade gliomas. Recent studies have demonstrated that the blood-brain barrier, as well as the blood-tumor barrier, is not equally disrupted in GBM patients. This study therefore aimed to optimize an antibody treatment against ELTD1 using a smaller scFv fragment of a monoclonal antibody that binds against the external region of ELTD1 in a G55 glioma xenograft glioma preclinical model. Morphological magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to determine tumor volumes and quantify perfusion rates. We also assessed percent survival following tumor postdetection. Tumor tissue was also assessed to confirm and quantify the presence of the ELTD1 scFv molecular targeted MRI probe, as well as microvessel density and Notch1 levels. In addition, we used molecular-targeted MRI to localize our antibodies in vivo. This approach showed that our scFv antibody attached-molecular MRI probe was effective in targeting and localizing diffuse tumor regions. Through this analysis, we determined that our anti-ELTD1 scFv antibody treatments were successful in increasing survival, decreasing tumor volumes, and normalizing vascular perfusion and Notch1 levels within tumor regions. This study demonstrates that our scFv fragment antibody against ELTD1 may be useful and potential antiangiogenic treatments against GBM.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Translational oncology
Glioblastoma is an aggressive brain tumour found in adults, and the therapeutic approaches available have not significantly increased patient survival. Recently, we discovered that ELTD1, an angiogeni...
Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) is known as one of the important antigens playing a vital role in angiogenesis. In this study, phage display technology (PDT) was used to produc...
There are plenty of applications of Cry1A toxins (Cry1Aa, Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac) in genetically modified crops, and it is necessary to establish corresponding detection methods. In this study, a single-chain...
Single-chain variable fragment (scFv) antibodies are fusion proteins of the variable regions of the heavy and light chains of immunoglobulins connected with a short linker peptide. They possess unique...
A combination of biomarker and instrument technology diagnosis methods, especially antigen-targeted imaging methods, is required to increase the accuracy of the diagnosis of cancer. Currently, the tar...
This partially randomized phase I/II trial studies the side effects and the best dose of anti-endoglin monoclonal antibody TRC105 when given together with bevacizumab and to see how well t...
This is a Phase I/II study for patients with solid tumors and renal cell carcinoma (RCC; for the Phase II part). L19-IL2 is a tumor targeted immunocytokine constituted of a single chain Fr...
Comparative study for evaluation of horizontal bone gain after one stage ridge augmentation with advanced platelet rich fibrin (A-PRF) and xenograft versus guided bone regeneration using c...
RATIONALE: Radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies, such as iodine I 131 monoclonal antibody TNT-1/B (^131I MOAB TNT-1/B), can find tumor cells and carry tumor-killing substances to them withou...
Cotara® is an experimental new treatment that links a radioactive isotope (iodine 131) to a targeted monoclonal antibody. This monoclonal antibody is designed to bind tumor cells and del...
Benign and malignant central nervous system neoplasms derived from glial cells (i.e., astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and ependymocytes). Astrocytes may give rise to astrocytomas (ASTROCYTOMA) or glioblastoma multiforme (see GLIOBLASTOMA). Oligodendrocytes give rise to oligodendrogliomas (OLIGODENDROGLIOMA) and ependymocytes may undergo transformation to become EPENDYMOMA; CHOROID PLEXUS NEOPLASMS; or colloid cysts of the third ventricle. (From Escourolle et al., Manual of Basic Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p21)
The phenomenon of immense variability characteristic of ANTIBODIES. It enables the IMMUNE SYSTEM to react specifically against the essentially unlimited kinds of ANTIGENS it encounters. Antibody diversity is accounted for by three main theories: (1) the Germ Line Theory, which holds that each antibody-producing cell has genes coding for all possible antibody specificities, but expresses only the one stimulated by antigen; (2) the Somatic Mutation Theory, which holds that antibody-producing cells contain only a few genes, which produce antibody diversity by mutation; and (3) the Gene Rearrangement Theory, which holds that antibody diversity is generated by the rearrangement of IMMUNOGLOBULIN VARIABLE REGION gene segments during the differentiation of the ANTIBODY-PRODUCING CELLS.
Test for tissue antigen using either a direct method, by conjugation of antibody with fluorescent dye (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, DIRECT) or an indirect method, by formation of antigen-antibody complex which is then labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, INDIRECT). The tissue is then examined by fluorescence microscopy.
Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.
A recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody fragment that binds VEGF-A to prevent its binding to VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2 receptors. This activity reduces vessel permeability and angiogenesis in the treatment of neovascular age-related MACULAR DEGENERATION.
An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...
According to the American Brain Tumor Association, just over 24,000 patients will be diagnosed with a primary malignant brain tumour during 2012 in the US alone. Some 80% of primary malignant brain tumours are gliomas, a broad term which includes all tum...
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...