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TNF-alpha is involved in many physiologic and pathologic cellular pathways, including cellular proliferation, differentiation, and death, regulation of immunologic reactions to different cells and molecules, local and vascular invasion of neoplasms, and destruction of tumor vasculature. It is obvious that because of integrated functions of TNF-alpha inside different physiologic systems, it cannot be used as a single-agent therapy for neoplasms; however, long-term investigation of its different cellular pathways has led to recognition of a variety of subsequent molecules with more specific interactions, and therefore, might be suitable as prognostic and therapeutic factors for neoplasms. Here, we will review different aspects of the TNF-alpha as a cytokine involved in both physiologic functions of cells and pathologic abnormalities, most importantly, cancers.
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Patient reported outcomes (PROs) are increasingly utilized in cancer drug development, and are of particular importance in genitourinary cancers due to symptom burden, multiple treatment options with ...
Hepatobiliary cancers have poor prognosis due to their high level of invasiveness, distant metastasis, and chemotherapy resistance. Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common type of hepatobiliary ca...
RAS alterations are often found in difficult-to-treat malignancies and are considered "undruggable." To better understand the clinical correlates and co-altered genes of RAS alterations, we used targe...
We attempted to identify cellular mechanisms as an approach to screen chemicals for the potential to cause developmental neurotoxicity. We examine, in SH-SY5Y cells, whether apoptosis and oxidative st...
Alpha oscillatory frequency and amplitude have been linked to visual processing and to the excitability of the visual cortex at rest. Therefore, posterior brain lesions, which damage the neural circui...
Expanded access to RXDX-105 will be given to patients with cancers harboring RET alterations who have not received TKIs that target RET alterations, who do not qualify for participation in...
The Alpha-1 Research Registry is a confidential database made up of individuals diagnosed with Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (Alpha-1) and individuals identified as Alpha-1 carriers. The ...
The purpose of this program is to provide participants an early access to erdafitinib prior to market authorization (that is, Food and Drug Administration [FDA] approval in the United Stat...
Several molecular studies showed chromosomal alterations in patients with endometrial cancer, with gains in 1q, 19p, 19q, 8q, 10q and 10p and loss of 4q, 16q and 18q. Several genes of inte...
This phase II trial studies how well brigatinib works in treating patients with ALK and ROS1 gene alterations and solid cancers that have spread to nearby tissue and lymph nodes or other p...
Aldo-keto reductase that functions with 5-alpha and 5-beta-steroid reductases to convert steroid hormones into the 3-alpha or 5-alpha and 3-alpha or 5-beta-tetrahydrosteroid, including 5-ALPHA-DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE to ANDROSTANE-3,17-DIOL. It also binds to BILE ACIDS. Mutations in the AKR1C2 gene are associated with Type 8 46, XY DISORDERS OF SEX DEVELOPMENT (SRXY8).
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
(9 alpha,11 alpha,13E,15S)-9,11,15-Trihydroxyprost-13-en-1-oic acid (PGF(1 alpha)); (5Z,9 alpha,11,alpha,13E,15S)-9,11,15-trihydroxyprosta-5,13-dien-1-oic acid (PGF(2 alpha)); (5Z,9 alpha,11 alpha,13E,15S,17Z)-9,11,15-trihydroxyprosta-5,13,17-trien-1-oic acid (PGF(3 alpha)). A family of prostaglandins that includes three of the six naturally occurring prostaglandins. All naturally occurring PGF have an alpha configuration at the 9-carbon position. They stimulate uterine and bronchial smooth muscle and are often used as oxytocics.
Rare autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by mesenchymal and epithelial neoplasms at multiple sites. MUTATION of the p53 tumor suppressor gene, a component of the DNA DAMAGE response pathway, apparently predisposes family members who inherit it to develop certain cancers. The spectrum of cancers in the syndrome was shown to include, in addition to BREAST CANCER and soft tissue sarcomas (SARCOMA); BRAIN TUMORS; OSTEOSARCOMA; LEUKEMIA; and ADRENOCORTICAL CARCINOMA.
The first alpha-globulins to appear in mammalian sera during development of the embryo and the dominant serum proteins in early embryonic life. They reappear in the adult serum during certain pathologic states, primarily hepatocellular carcinoma. They may also be elevated in the amniotic fluid and maternal serum during pregnancy in ANENCEPHALY.
Cytokine Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF)
TNF is a compound that is classified as a cytokine which plays a central role in the cellular mechanisms of apoptosis or cell death. However, there are a number of different kinds of TNF, just under twenty, but the family of molecules have very similar a...
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...