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Selective immobilization of single-atom Au on cerium dioxide for low-temperature removal of C1 gaseous contaminants.

08:00 EDT 9th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Selective immobilization of single-atom Au on cerium dioxide for low-temperature removal of C1 gaseous contaminants."

Selective immobilization of single-atom Au on the specific facets of CeO has been successfully performed by redox etching precipitation (REP), which makes it possible to clearly refine the interfacial effect of multiple-facet support on single atom. With systemic characterizations, it is found that single-atom Au is apt to lie on nonpolar facets of CeO (111) and (110) rather than polar facet of CeO (100). The modification of morphology-dependent properties is attributed to the different interaction between Au atom and each CeO interface. Because of synergy between Au and CeO, more oxygen vacancies and more active oxygen species are generated; meanwhile, the interfacial effect stabilizes the charged Au species which serves as active site. Therefore, the performance in catalytic oxidation of HCHO and CO on CeO is facilitated by loading Au. Among them, CeO rod-supported Au as an optimal catalyst exhibits a remarkable activity and stability. With in-situ characterization, the reaction mechanisms for HCHO and CO oxidation over Au/r-CeO are studied. Meanwhile, it is proved that REP strategy is also valid to obviously promote catalytic performance whenever commercial CeO is used or Au is replaced with Ag, so the improvement of recently applied catalyst with REP process is promising.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of hazardous materials
ISSN: 1873-3336
Pages: 122511

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Stable cerium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element cerium, but differ in atomic weight. Ce-136, 138, and 142 are stable cerium isotopes.

Unstable isotopes of cerium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Ce atoms with atomic weights 132-135, 137, 139, and 141-148 are radioactive cerium isotopes.

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The removal of a carboxyl group, usually in the form of carbon dioxide, from a chemical compound.

Thermonuclear reaction in which the nuclei of an element of low atomic weight unite under extremely high temperature and pressure to form a nucleus of a heavier atom.

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