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Uranium removal from mining water using Cu substituted hydroxyapatite.

08:00 EDT 9th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Uranium removal from mining water using Cu substituted hydroxyapatite."

In this study, synthetic copper substituted hydroxyapatite (Cu-Hap), CuCa(PO)(OH) were prepared by co-precipitation method and were used as reactive materials in batch experiments to immobilize uranyl. The limit of incorporation of Cu into a single-phased Cu-Hap reached x ≤1.59. The synthetic Cu-Hap samples obtained with various Cu contents were contacted with synthetic uranyl doped solutions and with real mining waters showing various pH and chemical compositions. A fast and strong decrease of the uranium concentration was observed, followed by the establishment of an equilibrium after 1-4 days of contact with the solutions. Examination of the solid phase after uranium uptake was performed using a combination of techniques. Depending on the composition of the solution and the copper content of the Cu-Hap, various mechanisms of uranium removal were observed. Based on the experimental results and geochemical simulations, it appeared that the main interest for using Cu-Hap is to enlarge the domain of water compositions for which the precipitation of meta-torbernite, (HO)Cu(UO)(PO)·7.6 HO is the predominant mechanism associated to the uranium removal, especially for pH > 6.7 where carbonate uranium species are predominant.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of hazardous materials
ISSN: 1873-3336
Pages: 122501

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