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Xylem-based long-distance transport and phloem remobilization of copper in Salix integra Thunb.

07:00 EST 28th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Xylem-based long-distance transport and phloem remobilization of copper in Salix integra Thunb."

Due to high biomass and an ability to accumulate metals, fast-growing tree species are good candidates for phytoremediation. However, little is known about the long-distance transport of heavy metals in woody plants. The present work focused on the xylem transport and phloem remobilization of copper (Cu) in Salix integra Thunb. Seedlings with 45 d preculture were grown in nutrient solutions added with 0.32 and 10 μM CuSO for 5 d. Micro X-ray fluorescence imaging showed the high Cu intensity in xylem tissues of both stem and root cross sections, confirming that the xylem played a vital role in Cu transport from roots to shoots. Cu was presented in both xylem sap and phloem exudate, which demonstrates the long-distance transport of Cu via both vascular tissues. Additionally, the Cu spiked mature leaf exported approximately 78 % Cu to newly emerged shoots, and approximately 22 % downward to the new roots, confirming the bidirectional transport of Cu via phloem. To our knowledge, this is the first report to characterize Cu vascular transport and remobilization in fast-growing woody plants, and the findings provide valuable mechanistic understanding for the phytoremediation of Cu-contaminated soils.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of hazardous materials
ISSN: 1873-3336
Pages: 122428

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Plant tissue that carries nutrients, especially sucrose, by turgor pressure. Movement is bidirectional, in contrast to XYLEM where it is only upward. Phloem originates and grows outwards from meristematic cells (MERISTEM) in the vascular cambium. P-proteins, a type of LECTINS, are characteristically found in phloem.

Plant tissue that carries water up the root and stem. Xylem cell walls derive most of their strength from LIGNIN. The vessels are similar to PHLOEM sieve tubes but lack companion cells and do not have perforated sides and pores.

A strand of primary conductive plant tissue consisting essentially of XYLEM, PHLOEM, and CAMBIUM.

P-type ATPases which transport copper ions across membranes in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. They possess a conserved CYSTEINE-HISTIDINE-SERINE (CPx) amino acid motif within their transmembrane helices that functions in cation translocation and catalytic activation, and an N-terminal copper-binding CxxC motif that regulates enzyme activity. They play essential roles in intracellular copper homeostasis through regulating the uptake, efflux and storage of copper ions, and in cuproprotein biosynthesis.

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