Terpenes on Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus: Acaricidal activity and acetylcholinesterase inhibition.

08:00 EDT 19th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Terpenes on Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus: Acaricidal activity and acetylcholinesterase inhibition."

The Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus tick is the main ectoparasite of cattle in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. Resistance to chemical acaricides has become widespread affirming the need for new drugs to tick control. Terpenes have become a promising alternative for cattle tick control, however the mechanism of action of these compounds is still controversial. Inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is a well established mechanism of action of organophosphate and carbamate acaricides, but the possible action of terpenes on tick AChEs has seldom been studied in resistant and sensitive strains of R. (B.) microplus. The aim of the present study was to evaluate terpene inhibition of AChE from resistant and sensitive strains of R. (B.) microplus in correlation with their acaricidal activity. Among the terpenes used in the present study, p-cymene, thymol, carvacrol, and citral displayed acaricidal activity with LC of 1.75, 1.54, 1.41, and 0.38 mg.mL for the susceptible strain, and LC of 1.40, 1.81, 1.10, and 1.13 mg.mL for the resistant strain. Thymol and carvacrol inhibited the AChE of the susceptible strain larvae with IC of 0.93 and 0.04 mg.mL, respectively. The IC exhibited by eucalyptol, carvacrol and thymol for AChE of the resistant strain larvae were 0.36, 0.28, and 0.13 mg.mL, respectively. This was the first study to investigate the action of terpenes on AChE from susceptible and resistant R. (B.) microplus. As not all terpenes with acaridical activity showed AChE inhibition, the participation of AChE in the acaricidal activity of terpenes needs further investigation.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Veterinary parasitology
ISSN: 1873-2550
Pages: 109090


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