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Chimera states in hybrid coupled neuron populations.

08:00 EDT 9th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Chimera states in hybrid coupled neuron populations."

Here we study the emergence of chimera states, a recently reported phenomenon referring to the coexistence of synchronized and unsynchronized dynamical units, in a population of Morris-Lecar neurons which are coupled by both electrical and chemical synapses, constituting a hybrid synaptic architecture, as in actual brain connectivity. This scheme consists of a nonlocal network where the nearest neighbor neurons are coupled by electrical synapses, while the synapses from more distant neurons are of the chemical type. We demonstrate that peculiar dynamical behaviors, including chimera state and traveling wave, exist in such a hybrid coupled neural system, and analyze how the relative abundance of chemical and electrical synapses affects the features of chimera and different synchrony states (i.e. incoherent, traveling wave and coherent) and the regions in the space of relevant parameters for their emergence. Additionally, we show that, when the relative population of chemical synapses increases further, a new intriguing chaotic dynamical behavior appears above the region for chimera states. This is characterized by the coexistence of two distinct synchronized states with different amplitude, and an unsynchronized state, that we denote as a chaotic amplitude chimera. We also discuss about the computational implications of such state.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Neural networks : the official journal of the International Neural Network Society
ISSN: 1879-2782
Pages: 108-117

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