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Generation of twelve induced pluripotent stem cell lines from two healthy controls and two patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

08:00 EDT 17th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Generation of twelve induced pluripotent stem cell lines from two healthy controls and two patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis."

The majority of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis are sporadic (sALS) with no familial history or known genetic association, therefore a large cohort of disease models are required to identify common mechanisms or to test therapeutic interventions. Here we generated twelve induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines from human dermal fibroblasts of two healthy individuals and two sALS patients lacking common ALS mutations, using non-integrational Sendai virus expressing reprogramming factors OCT3/4, KLF4, SOX2 and c-MYC. The iPSC lines highly expressed pluripotency markers could be spontaneously differentiated into three embryonic germ layers, with no gross chromosomal aberrations or specific copy number variations.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Stem cell research
ISSN: 1876-7753
Pages: 101752

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Procedures used for the induction of CELLULAR REPROGRAMMING to change the terminal phenotype of a cell, such as the generation of INDUCED PLURIPOTENT STEM CELLS from differentiated adult cells by the forced expression of specific genes.

The malignant stem cells of TERATOCARCINOMAS, which resemble pluripotent stem cells of the BLASTOCYST INNER CELL MASS. The EC cells can be grown in vitro, and experimentally induced to differentiate. They are used as a model system for studying early embryonic cell differentiation.

The process that reverts CELL NUCLEI of fully differentiated somatic cells to a pluripotent or totipotent state. This process can be achieved to a certain extent by NUCLEAR TRANSFER TECHNIQUES, such as fusing somatic cell nuclei with enucleated pluripotent embryonic stem cells or enucleated totipotent oocytes. GENE EXPRESSION PROFILING of the fused hybrid cells is used to determine the degree of reprogramming. Dramatic results of nuclear reprogramming include the generation of cloned mammals, such as Dolly the sheep in 1997.

Cells from adult organisms that have been reprogrammed into a pluripotential state similar to that of EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS.

Methods of implanting a CELL NUCLEUS from a donor cell into an enucleated acceptor cell. Often the nucleus of a somatic cell is transferred into a recipient OVUM or stem cell (STEM CELLS) with the nucleus removed. This technology may provide means to generate autologous diploid pluripotent cell for therapeutic cloning, and a model for studying NUCLEAR REPROGRAMMING in embryonic stem cells. Nuclear transfer was first accomplished with frog eggs (RANA PIPIENS) and reported in 1952.

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