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Adherence to exposure and response prevention as a predictor of improvement in obsessive-compulsive symptom dimensions.

08:00 EDT 12th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Adherence to exposure and response prevention as a predictor of improvement in obsessive-compulsive symptom dimensions."

Exposure and response prevention (ERP) is an effective treatment for obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD); yet, improvement rates vary and it is therefore important to examine potential predictors of outcome. The present study examined adherence with ERP homework as a predictor of (a) treatment response across OCD symptom dimensions and (b) reductions in psychological factors implicated in the maintenance of OCD. Fifty adults with OCD received manualized twice-weekly ERP as part of a treatment trial. Results indicated that treatment was effective for all OCD symptom dimensions and that greater adherence with ERP homework predicted post-treatment (but not follow-up) improvements in OCD symptoms pertaining to responsibility for harm, unacceptable obsessional thoughts, and symmetry. Adherence did not predict outcomes for contamination symptoms, however. Adherence also predicted improvement in psychological maintenance factors such as obsessive beliefs and experiential avoidance. Implications of the findings include the importance of emphasizing adherence to homework instructions, as well as the importance of considering OCD symptoms dimensionally as opposed to globally in examining predictors of treatment response.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of anxiety disorders
ISSN: 1873-7897
Pages: 102210

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The prevention of infection or disease following exposure to a pathogen. This is most frequently addressed by administering a vaccine or anti-viral medication following exposure to a virus.

An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.

The interference with or prevention of a behavioral or verbal response even though the stimulus for that response is present; in psychoanalysis the unconscious restraining of an instinctual process.

Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.

Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.

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