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Toxicity of Ag on microstructure, biochemical activities and genic material of Trifolium pratense L. seedlings with special reference to phytoremediation.

08:00 EDT 21st March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Toxicity of Ag on microstructure, biochemical activities and genic material of Trifolium pratense L. seedlings with special reference to phytoremediation."

The objective of this research was to evaluate Ag toxicity in Trifolium pratense L. seedlings subjected to increasing doses of Ag by determining photosynthetic pigment and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents, microstructure and hereditary substance alterations, changes in activities of antioxidase-superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD) and catalase (CAT) as well as the content of total Ag absorbed in vivo with evaluation of root growth. Doses of approximately 80 mg L Ag severely affected photosynthetic efficiency in Trifolium pratense L. seedlings promoted by damages in photosynthetic apparatus evidenced by downward trend in photosynthetic pigment contents and obvious chlorosis. Alterations in enzymatic activity, lipid peroxidation, genic material damage and the presence of Agin vivo had impacted on photosynthetic machinery as well. A hormesis effect was observed at 60 mg L Ag for the photosynthetic pigments and antioxidase for Trifolium pratense L. seedlings. Tissue changes (i.e., roots, stems and leaves) observed in fluorescence microscope with obvious chlorosis, roots blackening and formation of agglomerated black particles, were related to the lesion promoted by excessive ROS in vivo. Asynchronous change of antioxidase activity corresponded to the alteration in the MDA content, indicating the synchronization in the elimination of ROS. The changes occurred in RAPD profiles of treated samples following Ag toxicity containing loss of normal bands, appearance of new bands and variation in band intensity compared to the normal plants with a dose-dependent effect. On average, the roots of Trifolium pratense L. immobilized 92.20% of the total Ag absorbed as a metal exclusion response. Root growth was significantly sensitive to Ag stress with obvious hormesis, which corresponded to the changes in Ag uptake, demonstrating the functional alterations in plants. To sum up, we suggest that modulating the genotype of Trifolium pratense L. seedlings to bear higher proportion of pollutants is conducive to contamination site treatment.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Ecotoxicology and environmental safety
ISSN: 1090-2414
Pages: 110499

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