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Efficiency and mechanisms of simultaneous removal of Microcystis aeruginosa and microcystins by electrochemical technology using activated carbon fiber/nickel foam as cathode material.

07:00 EST 5th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Efficiency and mechanisms of simultaneous removal of Microcystis aeruginosa and microcystins by electrochemical technology using activated carbon fiber/nickel foam as cathode material."

The significant removal efficiency of microcystis aeruginosa was presented using Pt/Ti anode and activated carbon fiber/nickel foam (ACF/Ni) cathode by addition of Fe slightly in a wide range of initial pH (3-9). Results showed that about 93% of the Microcystis aeruginosa cells were removed within 15 min for Pt/Ti-ACF/Ni-Fe system. Dosage of Fe, current density, and initial pH had remarkable effects on the removal efficiency of microcystis aeruginosa. The mechanism of algae removal in the Pt/Ti-ACF/Ni-Fe electrochemical system was revealed by the comparison between Pt/Ti-ACF/Ni-Fe process and classical Fenton process, the analysis on Microcystis aeruginosa and ACF/Ni by SEM, the specific surface area and pore size analysis of ACF, and the determination of UV, OD and microcystin-LR (MC-LR). Results showed that the main mechanism of this system was the electro-Fenton process, which was accompanied by electro-adsorption, electro-floatation, and electro-coagulation process. And the cooperation mechanism on the electrochemical removal system was further speculated. With the breakdown of algal cells during the electrolysis, the MC-LR and other substances released from the cells were effectively degraded. Besides, the new cathode exhibited favorable and stable reusability. This study built up a high-efficiency algae removal system, which broke through the limits of narrow working pH range and large consumption of exogenous chemicals in electro-Fenton process.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Chemosphere
ISSN: 1879-1298
Pages: 126431

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