Development of a microemulsion for encapsulation and delivery of gallic acid. The role of chitosan.

08:00 EDT 21st March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Development of a microemulsion for encapsulation and delivery of gallic acid. The role of chitosan."

A novel water-in-oil (W/O) microemulsion based on natural oils, namely extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and sunflower oil (SO), in the presence of non-ionic surfactants was successfully formulated. The novel microemulsion was used as a carrier for gallic acid (GA) to assure its protection and efficacy upon nasal administration. The work presents evidence that this microemulsion can be used as a nasal formulation for the delivery of polar antioxidants, especially, after incorporation of chitosan (CH) in its aqueous phase. The structure of the system was studied by Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) spectroscopy techniques. By the addition of CH, the diameter of the microemulsion remained unaltered at 47 nm whereas after the incorporation of GA, micelles with 51 nm diameter were detected. The dynamic properties of the surfactant monolayer were affected by both the incorporation of CH and GA. Moreover, the antioxidant activity of the latter remained unaltered (99 %). RPMI 2650 cell line was used as the in vitro model for cell viability and for GA nasal epithelial transport studies after microemulsion administration. The results suggested that the nasal epithelial permeation of GA was enhanced, 3 h post administration, by the presence of 0.2 % v/v microemulsion in the culture medium. However, the concentration of the transported antioxidant in the presence of CH was higher indicating the polymer's effect on the transport of the GA. The study revealed that nasal administration of hydrophilic antioxidants could be used as an alternative route besides oral administration.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
ISSN: 1873-4367
Pages: 110974


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