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A new target for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease: Interleukin-37.

08:00 EDT 21st March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A new target for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease: Interleukin-37."

Interleukin (IL)-37 belongs to the IL-1 cytokine family. It has anti-inflammatory effects on numerous autoimmune diseases such as asthma, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), multiple sclerosis (MS) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Mechanistically, IL-37 plays an anti-inflammatory role by regulating the expression of inflammatory factors in two ways: binding extracellular receptors IL-18R or transferring into the nucleus with Smad3. IBD is a kind of idiopathic intestinal inflammatory disease with unknown etiology and pathogenesis. Recent researches had proved that IL-37 is negatively involved in the pathogenesis and development of IBD. Among various inflammatory diseases, IL-37 has been shown to regulate inflammatory development by acting on various immune cells such as neutrophils, macrophages (Mϕ), dendritic cells (DCs), T cells and intestinal epithelial cells. This review summarizes the biological role of IL-37, and its immunoregulatory effects on the immune cells, especially anti-inflammatory function in both human and experimental models of IBD.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International immunopharmacology
ISSN: 1878-1705
Pages: 106391

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An anti-inflammatory agent, structurally related to the SALICYLATES, which is active in INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE. It is considered to be the active moiety of SULPHASALAZINE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed)

A species of Faecalbacterium, previously classified in the FUSOBACTERIUM genus, that is a major constituent of the GUT MICROBIOTA in healthy humans. It has anti-inflammatory activity and reduced numbers of this species occur in patients with INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES such as CROHN DISEASE.

A PERTUSSIS TOXIN-sensitive GTP-binding protein alpha subunit. It couples with a variety of CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS, has been implicated in INTERLEUKIN-12 production, and may play a role in INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES.

Chronic, non-specific inflammation of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Etiology may be genetic or environmental. This term includes CROHN DISEASE and ULCERATIVE COLITIS.

A member of the S-100 protein family that is present at high levels in the blood and interstitial fluid in several infectious, inflammatory, and malignant disorders, including rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and cystic fibrosis. It is a complex of a light chain (CALGRANULIN A) and a heavy chain (CALGRANULIN B). L1 binds calcium through an EF-hand motif, and has been shown to possess antimicrobial activity.

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