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Prior to Darwin's masterworks, a university professor of medicine's purview generally included the professorship of botany and direction of the botanical gardens. Yet from the landmark 1876 Johns Hopkins model and especially after the 1910 Flexner Report, botany was limited at certain medical schools to (exaggerating somewhat) decorating their lobbies! Darwinian-era scientific paradigms spread from continental Europe through promulgators such as Huxley and Osler, transforming laboratory research, disease aetiology, biochemical therapeutics, and clinical "bedside" teaching. Unintended consequences at universities with medical schools might include altered loyalties and resources among competing disciplines. At the University of Toronto, botany vis-à-vis medicine was gradually treated as passé or secondary to zoology for modern, scientific platforms. This pattern was not universal; botany strongholds at universities such as Harvard continued to flourish. Where a negative perspective took hold with evolutionary impacts, botanists' careers became limited and the impetus for maintaining botanic research and teaching facilities such as a university botanical gardens was impaired.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Canadian bulletin of medical history = Bulletin canadien d'histoire de la medecine
The chemical or prebiotic evolution referred also to as pre-Darwinian evolution describes chemical reactions up to the origin of a self-replicating system that was capable of Darwinian evolution. Thes...
Dengue (DENV) and Zika (ZIKV) viruses are antigenically and evolutionarily related; immunological cross-reactions between them have been associated to both cross-protection and infection-enhanced mech...
Too many students reject the theory of evolution because they view it as incompatible with their religious beliefs. Some have argued that abandoning religious belief is the only way to help religious ...
The aim of this study was to evaluate awareness and knowledge about radiation risks and safety principles among medical students at the College of Medicine, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia, in ...
describe the functional evolution of patients at more than 10 years post intervention. describe the evolution of pain, satisfaction, quality of life of patients to more than 5 years pot i...
Since the last few decades, developed societies have been evolving towards a global aging of their populations. This evolution has been accompanied by the problematic of the dependence of ...
This thesis is a comparative study of the epidemiological characteristics of health-care associated bacteriuria in short and medium term of geriatrics wards in Strasbourg's University Hosp...
This study evaluates patient response to a motivation evolution chart for a medical-nutrition intervention as a continuation of a previous study: adherence to an overweight and obesity tre...
The main objective of this study is to carry out a descriptive study of the clinical and demographic characteristics of patients having consulted for a specialized opinion about ADHD in ad...
Hospitals maintained by a university for the teaching of medical students, postgraduate training programs, and clinical research.
The interdisciplinary science that studies evolutionary biology, including the origin and evolution of the major elements required for life, their processing in the interstellar medium and in protostellar systems. This field also includes the study of chemical evolution and the subsequent interactions between evolving biota and planetary evolution as well as the field of biology that deals with the study of extraterrestrial life.
Evolution at the molecular level of DNA sequences and proteins. (Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)
A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
Inflammation of the meninges caused by LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES infection, usually occurring in individuals under the age of 3 years or over the age of 50 years. It may occur at any age in individuals with IMMUNOLOGIC DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES. Clinical manifestations include FEVER, altered mentation, HEADACHE, meningeal signs, focal neurologic signs, and SEIZURES. (From Medicine 1998 Sep;77(5):313-36)