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Acute exercise effects on postprandial fat oxidation: Meta-analysis and systematic review.

08:00 EDT 24th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Acute exercise effects on postprandial fat oxidation: Meta-analysis and systematic review."

The purpose of this systematic review was to synthesize and evaluate current literature examining the effects of exercise on postprandial fat oxidation, as well as to provide future direction. A quantitative review was performed using meta-analytic methods. A moderator analysis was performed to investigate potential variables that could influence the effect of exercise on postprandial fat oxidation. Fifty-six effects from 26 studies were retrieved. There was a moderate effect of exercise on postprandial fat oxidation (Cohen's d = 0.58 (95% CI, 0.39 to 0.78). Moderator analysis revealed sex, age, weight status, training status, exercise type, exercise intensity, timing of exercise, and composition of the meal challenge significantly affected the impact of prior exercise on postprandial fat oxidation. The moderator analysis also indicated that most previous studies have investigated the impact of prior moderate intensity endurance exercise on postprandial fat oxidation in young, healthy, lean men. Suggested priorities for future research in this area include (i) examination of sex differences in and/or female-specific aspects of postprandial metabolism; (ii) a comprehensive evaluation of exercise modalities, intensities, and durations; and (iii) a wider variety of test meal compositions, especially higher fat content. Novelty Bullets • A systematic review of the impact of exercise on postprandial fat oxidation was performed using meta-analytic methods • Analysis revealed a moderate effect of exercise on postprandial fat oxidation • Presented data support a need for future studies to investigate sex differences and include comprehensive evaluations of exercise modalities, intensities, and duration.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme
ISSN: 1715-5320
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