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Spread of OXA-48 and NDM-1-Producing ST48 and ST101 in Chicken Meat in Western Algeria.

08:00 EDT 24th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Spread of OXA-48 and NDM-1-Producing ST48 and ST101 in Chicken Meat in Western Algeria."

: We investigated the prevalence of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) in chicken meat in Western Algeria in 2017. From February to July 2017, samples of chicken meat from three poultry farms in Western Algeria were screened for the presence of CPE. Strains were characterized with regard to antibiotic resistance, β-lactamase content, Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance, sulfonamide resistance genes, clonality (repetitive sequence-based profiles and multilocus sequence typing) and virulence traits. Of 181 samples analyzed, 29 (16.0%) carbapenemase-producing were detected. Twenty-three OXA-48-producers (79.3%) and six (20.7%) New Delhi metallo (NDM)-1-producers were observed. Clonality analysis showed three distinct lineages and clonal expansions of the OXA-48-producing ST48 and the NDM-1-producing ST101. These isolates harbored , , , , , and Neither capsular serotype genes nor hypermucoviscous phenotype were detected. Plasmid analysis confirmed that all these isolates harbored the transferable IncL and IncFIIK plasmids. This study reports the spread of OXA-48 and NDM-1-producing ST48 and ST101 in chicken meat in Western Algeria and demonstrates that food represents a reservoir of the carbapenemases encoding genes.

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Name: Microbial drug resistance (Larchmont, N.Y.)
ISSN: 1931-8448
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