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A patient-level cost-effectiveness analysis of iron isomaltoside versus ferric carboxymaltose for the treatment of iron deficiency anemia in the United Kingdom.

08:00 EDT 24th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A patient-level cost-effectiveness analysis of iron isomaltoside versus ferric carboxymaltose for the treatment of iron deficiency anemia in the United Kingdom."

Intravenous iron is the recommended treatment for patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) where oral iron is ineffective or rapid iron replenishment is required. Two high-dose, rapid-administration intravenous iron formulations are currently available in the
UK:
iron isomaltoside 1000/ferric derisomaltose (IIM) and ferric carboxymaltose (FCM). An indirect treatment comparison (ITC) recently showed that improvement from baseline hemoglobin was significantly larger with IIM than FCM. The objective was to use the ITC findings to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of IIM versus FCM from the UK healthcare payer perspective. A patient-level simulation model was developed in R to evaluate the cost per patient experiencing hematological response with IIM versus FCM. The model generated a simulated cohort from parametric distributions of baseline hemoglobin and bodyweight. Changes in hemoglobin were modeled based on data from the ITC, covaried with baseline hemoglobin based on patient-level data from a randomized controlled trial. Posological models of the iron formulations were developed based on the summaries of product characteristics. UK-specific costs were based on healthcare resource groups. The proportion of patients experiencing hematological response was 9.0% higher with IIM relative to FCM (79.0% versus 70.0%), based on modeling of realistic, correlated distributions of baseline hemoglobin and change in hemoglobin. The mean number of infusions needed to administer the required dose was 1.92 with FCM, versus 1.38 with IIM, resulting in costs of £637 and £457 per treated patient with FCM and IIM respectively, corresponding to respective costs of £910 and £579 per responder. The analysis showed that using IIM rather than FCM in patients with IDA was dominant and would reduce the number of iron infusions required to correct iron deficiency, thereby reducing the costs associated with IDA treatment and simultaneously increasing the proportion of patients with IDA experiencing a clinically meaningful hematological response.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of medical economics
ISSN: 1941-837X
Pages: 1

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.

The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, QUALITY OF LIFE, etc. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.

A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)

Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.

Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.

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