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Placenta Accreta Spectrum: Correlation of MRI Parameters With Pathologic and Surgical Outcomes of High-Risk Pregnancies.

08:00 EDT 24th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Placenta Accreta Spectrum: Correlation of MRI Parameters With Pathologic and Surgical Outcomes of High-Risk Pregnancies."

The purpose of this study is to determine whether MRI parameters of placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) correlate with pathologic and surgical outcomes in high-risk pregnancies. This retrospective study evaluated second- and third-trimester pregnancies assessed by MRI from 2007 to the present. Women were included in the study if placental invasion was suspected on the basis of a clinical history of cesarean delivery, ultrasound findings, or both. MR images were reviewed by an experienced radiologist who was blinded to the clinical outcomes. Eighteen MRI parameters were assessed and compared with four clinical outcomes: surgical impression of invasion, need for cesarean hysterectomy, pathologic findings, and need for blood transfusion. Of 64 women, 43 required cesarean hysterectomy, 20 underwent cesarean delivery, and one delivered vaginally. There was no statistical difference among the women in terms of maternal age, gestational age, or the number of prior cesarean deliveries. Eight of the 18 MRI parameters assessed showed statistical significance. The five variables with the highest odds ratios were bulge (7.432), placenta previa (7.283), low-attenuation T2 linear bands (5.985), placental heterogeneity near the scar (4.384), and fibrin deposition (4.322), with additional significant variables including interruption of the bladder-serosa interface, the radiologist's interpretation of invasion, and the largest dimension of invasion. Some previously described parameters, such as the degree of maternal pelvic vascularity, were not statistically significant. MRI parameters are associated with placental invasion and correlate with the need for cesarean hysterectomy, as well as pathologic and surgical impressions of invasion. From these parameters, an organized template can be created to standardize reporting of placental invasion.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: AJR. American journal of roentgenology
ISSN: 1546-3141
Pages: 1-7

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abnormal placentation in which all or parts of the PLACENTA are attached directly to the MYOMETRIUM due to a complete or partial absence of DECIDUA. It is associated with POSTPARTUM HEMORRHAGE because of the failure of placental separation.

A placenta that fails to be expelled after BIRTH of the FETUS. A PLACENTA is retained when the UTERUS fails to contract after the delivery of its content, or when the placenta is abnormally attached to the MYOMETRIUM.

Pathologic process consisting of a partial or complete disruption of the layers of a surgical wound.

An autosomal dominant familial prion disease with a wide spectrum of clinical presentations including ATAXIA, spastic paraparesis, extrapyramidal signs, and DEMENTIA. Clinical onset is in the third to sixth decade of life and the mean duration of illness prior to death is five years. Several kindreds with variable clinical and pathologic features have been described. Pathologic features include cerebral prion protein amyloidosis, and spongiform or neurofibrillary degeneration. (From Brain Pathol 1998 Jul;8(3):499-513; Brain Pathol 1995 Jan;5(1):61-75)

Pathological processes or abnormal functions of the PLACENTA.

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