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The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) and heart failure have increased liver T1 relaxation times at MRI owing to congestion compared with the T1 relaxation times in patients with IDCM without heart failure and healthy control subjects. For this retrospective cross-sectional study, 55 subjects (33 men, 22 women; mean age, 47 ± 15 years) who had undergone cardiac MRI were included: 20 healthy control subjects and 35 consecutively registered patients with IDCM. Twenty-one patients were hospitalized for acute heart failure, and 14 patients were in stable condition without heart failure. The performances of cardiac volume, left ventricular (LV) longitudinal strain, and ejection fraction (LVEF) in differentiating IDCM with and without heart failure were compared with myocardial and liver T1 relaxation times by means of Mann-Whitney test and ROC analysis. The native T1 relaxation time of myocardium was significantly greater in patients with IDCM than in healthy control subjects ( < 0.001) but could not be used to differentiate between IDCM with and IDCM without heart failure ( = 0.653). Conversely, the native T1 relaxation time of liver was significantly greater in patients with IDCM and heart failure than in those without heart failure ( < 0.001). Native T1 relaxation time of liver was the overall best parameter for identifying the presence of heart failure in patients with IDCM (AUC, 0.96). It performed better than LVEF (AUC, 0.88) and global longitudinal LV strain (AUC, 0.85). Native T1 relaxation time of liver is an easily accessible and accurate noninvasive imaging marker of congestive heart failure in patients with IDCM. It can be measured on standard short-axis cardiac MRI T1-weighted maps and facilitates differentiating patients with IDCM with from those without heart failure more accurately than established functional parameters, such as LV volume, LVEF, and LV strain.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: AJR. American journal of roentgenology
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To identify risk factors for idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and to examine prognostic factors over a follow-up period of two to three years.
To determine the familial occurrence and pathogenesis of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.
To identify new dilated cardiomyopathy genes by genetic linkage and mutational analyses.
Using bone marrow mononuclear cell in 24 patients with Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy
Dilated cardiomyopathy is a heart muscle disorder characterized by systolic dysfunction and dilation of the left or both ventricles.Dilated cardiomyopathy can develop in people of any age ...
A group of diseases in which the dominant feature is the involvement of the CARDIAC MUSCLE itself. Cardiomyopathies are classified according to their predominant pathophysiological features (DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY; HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY; RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY) or their etiological/pathological factors (CARDIOMYOPATHY, ALCOHOLIC; ENDOCARDIAL FIBROELASTOSIS).
Inflammatory processes of the muscular walls of the heart (MYOCARDIUM) which result in injury to the cardiac muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC). Manifestations range from subclinical to sudden death (DEATH, SUDDEN). Myocarditis in association with cardiac dysfunction is classified as inflammatory CARDIOMYOPATHY usually caused by INFECTION, autoimmune diseases, or responses to toxic substances. Myocarditis is also a common cause of DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY and other cardiomyopathies.
A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease that is characterized by ventricular dilation, VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION, and HEART FAILURE. Risk factors include SMOKING; ALCOHOL DRINKING; HYPERTENSION; INFECTION; PREGNANCY; and mutations in the LMNA gene encoding LAMIN TYPE A, a NUCLEAR LAMINA protein.
A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease in which the ventricular walls are excessively rigid, impeding ventricular filling. It is marked by reduced diastolic volume of either or both ventricles but normal or nearly normal systolic function. It may be idiopathic or associated with other diseases (ENDOMYOCARDIAL FIBROSIS or AMYLOIDOSIS) causing interstitial fibrosis.
Rare congenital X-linked disorder of lipid metabolism. Barth syndrome is transmitted in an X-linked recessive pattern. The syndrome is characterized by muscular weakness, growth retardation, DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY, variable NEUTROPENIA, 3-methylglutaconic aciduria (type II) and decreases in mitochondrial CARDIOLIPIN level. Other biochemical and morphological mitochondrial abnormalities also exist.
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Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...