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The problem of rehabilitation of post-stroke patients with motor deficit remains relevant with growing prevalence of disability and decreasing mortality, despite all measures aimed at stroke prevention and morbidity reduction. One of the most common consequences of stroke is gait impairment as a result of spastic paresis of the lower limb (decreased gait velocity, shortened step, excessive loading of intact limb etc.), which leads to significant maladaptation, increased risk of falls, decrease in quality of life. The article presents a detailed review of motor action in normal and pathologic conditions, analysis of neuronal structures involved into a movement act in healthy individuals and in stroke patients, current aspects of gait pathophysiology, characteristics of post-stroke gait (speed and asymmetry of gain, balance control impairment). A separate paragraph is devoted to gait recovery after stroke with analysis of existing and developing strategies of rehabilitation, aimed at the improvement of vertical posture, balance control and movement, condition, tone and functioning of skeletal muscles. Authors also analyze new research information on the efficacy of botulinum toxin preparations and programs of Guided Self-Rehabilitation Contracts (GSC), present the results of clinical trials demonstrating the efficacy of combination of these two methods.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova
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Studies and research concerning the psychological, educational, social, vocational, industrial, and economic aspects of REHABILITATION.
An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.
Syndromes which feature DYSKINESIAS as a cardinal manifestation of the disease process. Included in this category are degenerative, hereditary, post-infectious, medication-induced, post-inflammatory, and post-traumatic conditions.
A class of traumatic stress disorders that is characterized by the significant dissociative states seen immediately after overwhelming trauma. By definition it cannot last longer than 1 month, if it persists, a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (STRESS DISORDERS, POST-TRAUMATIC) is more appropriate.
The rate at which steps are made while walking.
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